Blog Sites Aligned to the Sun

Enigmatic Stone Sites in the Catskills and a Tour with Glenn Kreisberg

examining a cairn in the forest

Examining one of the many cairns in the forested setting of the Catskills.

Around winter solstice this year, a few of us here at The Spiritual Sun visited the Catskill Mountains area in NY, USA, both to celebrate the solstice and to explore some of the mysterious stone structures in the region.

Sites aligned to the sun in the Catskill Mountains, NY -- a Tour with Glenn Kreisberg

A photo of a few of us exploring the mysterious stone sites in the Catskills with Glenn Kreisberg (center).

While there, we met up with Glenn Kreisberg, author of Spirits in Stone: The Secrets of Megalithic America. Glenn is a radio frequency engineer, as well as a researcher of the ancient sites in the region. He is chairperson for the Overlook Mountain Center and formerly served two terms as the president of the New England Antiquities Research Association (NEARA) — two organizations dedicated to the study and preservation of these sites in the area. He also guides free public tours to some of these sites.

Glenn, along with Geoff Baer, a friend and also an officer of the Overlook Mountain Center, took us to see some of the enigmatic stone sites in the Woodstock area.

discussing the cairns

Having a chat with Glenn in between cairn exploration.

The stone structures that dot the mountains and forests in this region are definitely mysterious and intriguing. Interestingly the very first site Glenn took us to see turned out to be just a short forest hike away behind the lodge we happened to have been staying in, where a series of various stone cairns can be seen sprawled out along a stream and throughout the forest.

mysterious cairns in the catskills region of NY, USA

Other sites in the region consist of more stone cairns of different shapes and sizes, stone walls, stone serpents, turtle effigies, dolmen, a sun carving, and stone chambers. When plotted on a map and viewed aerially, some of these sites appear to have been set up as markers that align to one another over vast distances in an orientation that marks the solstices and equinoxes,1 and some appear to mark various stars and constellations.2

Lewis Hollows serpent effigy

A serpentine stone wall culminating in a giant serpent’s head, at the Lewis Hollow site.

Lewis Hollow, for instance, (one of the sites on the tour) contains a collection of significant cairns (some up to 100 feet long) and stone walls and boulders shaped into snake effigies. Glenn has determined that the great cairns and two snake effigies appear to map the stars in the constellation Draco upon the landscape.3 Other significant monuments around the world are also aligned to this constellation, including Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

Lewis Hollow Serpent

Exploring the back and body of the Lewis Hollow serpent.

Below is a photo of another serpantine cairn from the area, made up of a wall of smaller stones (the snake’s body) and a megalithic serpent head:

Lewis Hollow Serpent Head

It was wonderful to have had the opportunity to meet and chat with Glenn, and to see and experience some of these interesting stone structures first hand on his tours.

Catskill Mountains cairn

For more information on the ancient sites in this area:

  • See Glenn’s website for future tour announcements.
  • He was also featured author of the month on the Graham Hancock website recently, where he shared a lot of interesting information about his research in the area, including maps of the interesting alignments of some of these sites.
  • His book Spirits in Stone: The Secrets of Megalithic America can be found on amazon here.


Vida Narovski contributed writing to this article.

  1. Kreisberg, Glenn. “Spirits In Stone: The Secrets Of Megalithic America – Graham Hancock Official Website.” The Official Graham Hancock Website. November 1, 2018. Accessed January 10, 2019.
  2. Kreisberg, Glenn. Spirits in Stone: The Secrets of Megalithic America. (Bear & Company,) 2018. Chapter Four, p. 37-58.
  3. Ibid. Chapter Four, p. 37-58.

About the author

Jenny Belikov

Jenny Belikov is a researcher and practitioner of the ancient religion of the sun and the Managing Editor for The Spiritual Sun, where she also researches and writes about ancient sacred sites; spiritual texts and practices; the latest discoveries in archeology, archeoastronomy, and related sciences; as well as the exploration of various facets of the lost civilization of the sun.


  • Thanks for posting the details of your visit guys!

    It’s really interesting seeing these smaller, lesser known cairns that are out there.
    While they might be less grand than the likes of the pyramids, they really help to show how widespread the Religion of the Sun and give an insight into how smaller clusters of people must have practiced it.

    It’s interesting that some people mentioned how cairns and dolmens are associated with giants – the same is also true in Irish folklore 😀

    • Hi Nathan, that’s an interesting small little detail. In my recent study of the Caucasus area, I found soooo many connections to the Irish folklore, mythology, and the way of life in the ancient times, that it seems almost unbelievable. Some academics even wrote about it, like for example V.I. Abaev who said in his commentary to the Nart Sagas (a mythology of the Caucasus area): “Of all the European epics, only the ancient Irish sagas give us a picture typologically similar to the society of the Narts.”

      • That’s amazing to hear Lucia 😀 I hadn’t heard of the Circasians before, but just read up a little on them now.

        I can see what you mean about similarities. I noticed they practiced a system of fosterage that’s pretty similar to the one that existed amongst the Celts.

        Also the culture relating to equality between men and women sounded quite familiar.

        Also one place I read drew a link between the word Nart and the Old Irish word ‘nert’ (strength).

        I’m quite interested in reading up more on the Narts and checking out their myths. Thanks for passing the info on!

        • Yes, exactly… you found them quite quick! 🙂
          I actually made a whole list of similarities between these two cultures, including the ones you mentioned – there are so many! Lately, I also found out that Circassian main religious symbol – Tau cross, well, guess where else it has been found of all the countries – in Ireland:

          If we don’t count Gobekli Tepe of course, which seems to be full of them. Some people even consider Egyptian ankh cross to be a variation of the Tau cross (with that loop/circle on the top).

          • I can see the Egyptian link alright.
            It’s quite amazing they’re found in Ireland too 😀

            The area they’re in is known as the Burren, which asides from having a very unique type of landscape (both artic and mediterranean plants grow together there), there’s a number of neolithic dolmens and tombs in the area.

            I noticed the Irish name for the cross – Cros Iníne Baoith (The Cross of Baoth’s daughter). Baoth isn’t a figure I’m aware of personally, and I believe the cross is attributed to the local Abbess who founded the church in the area during the 6th Century, St. Inghine Baoith.

            Reading into it though, she supposedly took her name from the original Daughter of Baoth, who I read was linked with the Mother Goddess Bóand (the cow goddess associated with Newgrange).

            On the same church there’s a ‘Sheela na Gig’ figure built into the stone, which is thought to be a representation of the Goddess Bóand.

            Interestingly, this particular county in Ireland has 9 known Sheela na Gig statues and as you probably saw, several other Tau crosses.

            All these links between different cultures are really incredible to see 😀!

  • Very interesting to read and hard to comprehend the magnitude of how these rocks/stones formed over time.
    Another sacred & mystical item to dwell/ponder on.
    Thanks for sharing…

  • Awesome serpent carvings especially that with the serpent head. The stones are connected with the mystery and contain a deeper meaning.
    It is unique and inspiring!

  • Very interesting information and nica and very intersting photos too, especially those who show the serpent’s head of stone.
    It must been very inspiring celebrating the Solstice at that place and being guided by the author at those really enigmatice stone sites.
    Thank you very much for sharing your beautiful experience.

    • The serpents heads stood out to me too, Maria, especially the first one that also seems to have some “teeth” left. 🙂

  • When I was living in New York, I heard about serpent stones, although I feel like it was in a different place… Vermont, I think. I was living right there, and had no idea they were there!

    I find it’s sometimes hard to differentiate between what’s something really done intentionally, and what’s the product of wishful thinking. I had this feeling when I was at Chaco Canyon, and in many of the stone carvings in the Sacred Valley of Peru, which I believe represent various animals and faces. The thing that sways me, however, is when the meaning of something is very clear, and the meaning encodes an important message through time. Like the sites mentioned by Kriegsburg, in the Sacred Valley of Peru sites align on a solsticial axis across hundreds of kilometers, connecting them with the event they venerate. I would be interested in knowing if there are different constellations represented at different sites on Kriegsburg’s axes, as there appears to be in the sacred valley, and to see if they tell a story or convey a symbol in some way.

  • Wow, what a great visit, thanks very much for sharing the photos and showing what you explored. When I first heard about those long meandering stone walls up in the Northeast US they seemed so mysterious, especially since they don’t enclose anything, and that there are a crazy number of them. That they either map out constellations or solar alignments makes a lot of sense.

    And seeing those cairns first hand must have been so amazing. Even just from your photos you can see that the stone work looks so carefully done. They’re really beautiful. I wonder how old the different types of stonework are…if Glenn is able to have dating done on some of these features that would be an amazing step towards getting a better understanding of the history of the area.

    Thanks for linking to Glenn’s latest book too, looks really interesting.

  • It was great to read about your tour around these sites and see these photos. You were really lucky to get to go there with Glenn Kreisberg as he was able to directly share with you his amazing research. Thank you for sharing.

    You mentioned dolmens – I was surprised to learn about the presence of them in the US because I also just learnt that we have a lot of them in Finland, some with a very similar look and the same official explanation that they are glacial erratics, meaning the melting ice sheet deposited them randomly. However, it’s clear that in this case the megalith has been intentionally placed on the smaller stones. In Finland there are some that are propped up by one or two stones, and it’s common to have one entirely supported above the ground by small stones. Here’s an example. Some are of immense sizes.

    Because of the explanation that they are glacial erratics, there’s hardly anyone in Finland and certainly not in the mainstream, who considers them man made or of having any cultural significance, and therefore they aren’t being studied.

    There are also cairns in Finland (according to Wikipedia, 10 000 have been listed), and sometimes they are located inside or in close proximity to rectangular enclosed stone wall structures with solar and lunar alignments, called giants’ castles or churches, officially said to be from around 3000-2000 BC. The megaliths, cairns and ‘churches’ are all connected to giants in oral history, and the latter two are predominantly found along the current or ancient coastline.

    It’s just really interesting to discover the connection between these sites all over the world and how they are so similar without an apparent connection between the cultures.

    • Thanks for sharing Laura, the pictures of those humongous Finnish boulders in that beautiful lush forest look amazing! Interesting how the Giants seem to be connected to them in the lore… In Caucasus for example, there is a legend that the numerous dolmens there were built by giants as houses for small people. 🙂

      • Lol. humonguos indeed! I love the way that the boulders are perched on these tiny rocks… daring us to question ‘how’ and ‘why’! It’s fantastic. Thanks Laura and Lucia.

      • That’s nice Lucia : ) Someone said that the megaliths are thought to be made by giants just because of their size, but that doesn’t explain why the other structures I mentioned are also connected to giants, because the size of the rocks in those structures is usually small. In Finland they say that people made up this mythical race of giants, and because of lack of knowledge of who built them, they connect any ancient stone work to them – but why not to other nature deities, of whom there is a plethora in Finnish folklore? In the 1800’s there were still lots of stories of giants who lived in Finland prior to the Finns and were ultimately driven out by them. Why this is interesting is because of the solar orientations of some of the structures said to have been built by the giants, while there is a conspicuous lack of reverence of the sun in the Finnish pagan religion.

  • Thank you for such an interesting article!

    I find it very intriguing that some of the sites you visited were literally just out of the back door, a short hike away! Like the comment Ella made, it would be so easy to simply walk past these things and barely register any form of curiosity. It’s sad really, how little we appreciate what can be around us, particularly of significant historical value.

    I am very grateful too for Mr Kreisberg, who has taken the time to take you on a tour of these objects that we hold in high regard.

  • Thank you for sharing about your trip to these sites!
    For me looking into such places is like looking in the attic of my grandparent’s house for something mysterious or/and precious from my linear’s past. And looking into the ancient religion of the sun, this past must be difficult to find and to uncover. And like Hancock says “stuff just keep on getting older”, dating them was always an issue.

    This serpent type of formation and site looks quite pagan to me and is like such places I’m looking for around the area I live. Pagan means also that is unified with the natural environment around it which camouflages it at the same time. Which adds an extra difficulty to identify them. But it’s nice to explore them especially their mystical side of them, which is actually what makes them be felt sacred after all.

    These stone cairns remind me where some sacred texts were discovered inside somewhere in Tibet? I’m not sure. It’s also great you met Glenn Kreisberg and had the chance to chat with him along those sites. I went through his article on Hancock’s website when was published and looks pretty well researched. He feels to me like part of the worldwide community of the researchers of the lost/hidden history of our planet. People I would like also to meet, ask them questions and tell them what I have come across.

    This trip combined with your solstice celebrations looks quite a unique experience.
    Thanks again for sharing it.
    Nice photos! 🙂

  • That was quite an interesting experience. Seeing all these structures on the mountain can pass unnoticed initially, especially if one sees only one or two of them. However, knowing that there are alignments and the fact that there are so many of them makes a strong case of something really interesting taking place at some point in the past.

    I was quite impressed on the way the rocks were stacked. They were slightly tilted so that water doesn’t accumulate between the rocks. That prevented the natural contraction and expansion of the water due to the weather which would have had a negative impact on the life span of these small structures. As if somebody wanted to maintain them for a long time.

    • Hi Christos,

      It is very interesting how rocks are formed in such thoughtful ways that you wouldn’t expect, but that make so much sense. Here in Cusco and the surrounding areas there are many rocks formed in very interesting ways as well. I have been analyzing them and with Julian’s help have noticed that some of the enormous rock structures which initially look like they are straight up and down are actually tilted slightly to provide more stability. They also used very purposeful but uniquely shaped stones which I think are also made in such precise ways to make them more stable. There may be more to the interesting shapes but it is clear that these walls were built in order to stand the test of time.

      I was on a tour of Cusco the other day and the tour guide mentioned that many modern buildings and churches had been destroyed during major earthquakes but the Incan ruins had not been affected. However, we came across an Incan wall that seemed to have been ruined and rebuilt. (It is very obvious to see the reconstruction because there is concrete in between the stones whereas the ancient stones are perfectly fitted with nothing in between.) One of the other people on the tour asked if that part of the wall had been destroyed (by the earthquake) and the tour guide said that it had been destroyed by the Spanish during their conquest. Many of the churches here in Cusco were built from stones from these destroyed Incan walls and temples. So who rebuilt this wall? I’m not sure about the timeframe but apparently some time after the stones were taken to the churches, some civilians stole the stones back from one of the churches and rebuilt the wall to the best of their ability. I was deeply moved by the story of rebellion where regular people understood the importance of preserving what was being destroyed and even though they lacked the skills to repair what had been lost, they did the best they could.

      Spending time around so many ancient ruins, searching for, and discovering solar alignments has been so rewarding and the more we uncover, the more questions there are and it seems endless.

    • Thanks for sharing those points Christos and Michelle. It’s interesting to hear about the efforts made to preserve these stones, by incorporating various features into the overall design.

      It’s also inspiring to hear about the efforts that local people made to reconstruct the destroyed wall Michelle. They clearly understood its significance and importance.

  • Hi, Jenny. Thanks for the post and explanation about the site. I was watching a documentary some time ago and was really surprised to learn there so many of these cairns in the US (along with accounts of giant skeletons. I’m not sure if this was referring to the bigger sized cairns only, but it stayed with me how in that documentary they mentioned that on the outside the cairns may look like a rough pile of stones, but there is actually a sophisticated technique that was used to build them.

  • Great to see you combined your solstice ceremony with a field trip to explore these mysterious sites, and that you got a local expert to be your guide! Agreed, they’re no ‘Stonehenge’, but perhaps exactly because they are so nondescript (I can totally imagine walking past these structures on a woodland hike with only a slight amount of curiosity!) the hidden esoteric meaning within them seems even more powerful. Just imagine how much of spiritual significance was, (is!) encoded in small cairns and carvings like these, dotted around the US and the world, that once made an enormous map or message that people could read and decipher, a message that’s now left unappreciated and unintelligible to most- I can’t believe a phone tower was build on the head of a once sacred serpent mound!

    I hope everyone who participated got a lot from the visit. It would be great if the sites in the US got more publicity as it’s one of the last countries you think of when you think of ancient sacred sites, or at least for me it is, though I also know that with a bit of prying that assumption comes crumbling down. I’m sure Hancock’s future book will do a lot to alter this image of the country’s history.

    • Hey Ella. Interesting you say they’re nondescript. A few years back we lived on a property with a forest behind that had mystery stone walls, two cairns that look similar in construction method to the stacked “pine cone” ones we saw here, a ginormous boulder that always seemed to me like an intentionally placed animal effigy type of a structure, etc. There was more stuff in the area, I feel, but I usually took a particular trail so that’s the stuff I passed almost daily. I asked a local about them once and was told farmers did that, but that didn’t made sense to me. At that point though I didn’t know about these types of structures just yet and the mystery surrounding them, so didn’t know what to make of them. Yet I definitely felt intrigued by them — you can sense there’s something unusual about these structures. Every time I walked by them I tried to picture what would have gone through a farmer’s mind to have done this in the middle of the forest… It just made no sense. The walls weren’t enclosing anything and seemed very random, the area was clearly not used to farm (big forested sloping hills with mudslides and marshes, bad soil and tons of rock, not easily accessible and far from the house), etc.

      A few years later I discovered how prominent these types of structures are, especially in the New England area of North America, but it was too late at that point to go back to check out the ones from that forest more thoroughly since we had already moved elsewhere. So I agree — good to recognize and discuss these sites, as otherwise they can totally be missed or dismissed, without a chance to probe their significance.

    • My first impression of these sites was also that they need more publicity, and more people to know about their lost history. But then again, I think keeping places like these more or less under the radar, too is a form of protection against anyone who would vandalize or purposefully jeopardize the structural remains. Makes me think of all the times a site or ancient scrolls were purposefully buried until the right moment came for them to come out into the open.

      • Yes, there’s certainly the danger that more publicity would bring a greater risk of misuse or purposeful damage. Perhaps it is better that these places are tucked away and protected by the lack of appreciation! I imagine a group of guardians and educators would be a good solution in an ideal world – people who worked to educate others locally (school trips to sites like these rather than Disney Land) while working to secure the proper protections with legislation. But that might be naive to think possible. Maybe it’s better as it is now, where those who are really interested can find these places, and can also find the people that speak a similar language, and have the same level of respect for these places.

        • Hi Ella, just wanted to say that I think guarding the sacred sites by dedicated volunteers/educators a great idea, and reminded me of the person (I think she is a woman), who has dedicated several years to “guarding” a beautiful site of Grianan of Aileach. I think her website ( with the amazing photographs of the site during the equinoxes (to which the site is aligne), together with other articles and tips regarding the surrounding area is a great way how to bring attantion to a sacred site in a very personal and involved way (her love for the site is so obvious from the way she writes her blog posts).
          It does seem like she ceased her blogging activity back in 2015 though, but maybe the site is now becoming more recognized and appreciated. 🙂

      • That is very true Olga. I was shocked that there were so many sites to see in the states when we were there. I had the opportunity to go to several; my favorite was Chaco Canyon (we went for this past autumn equinox). The landscape was very special. The colors were so muted that it drew my eyes up to the sky, making it seem like the sky was more beautiful there than anywhere else. We got a chance to see the Autumn Equinox alignment which was absolutely amazing. One thing that really stands out to me about many of the sites I have visited in North America and South America is that the ancient people who built these solar alignments really selected some of the most beautiful places in the world.

        I hope these sites become more well known in the US as well. So many sites go unnoticed. Even here in Peru, people come to see Machu Picchu because it is so famous but most never make it to the dozens of other amazing sites here because they are not widely known.

        • Those two snake effigies are amazing, and more so to know that they align with the Draco constellation. I am glad though that, like Olga and others have mentioned, they are non-descript and less known. A sense of obscurity may ensure they have some protection.
          Michelle I was interested to hear about your experience of Chaco Canyon. I have read the article by Vida Narovski on this site and I just happen to be travelling there this year, though unfortunately not at the time of a solstice or equinox. Any further information or guidance from you or Vida or Jenny Belikov would be greatly appreciated.

      • Obscurity is a protection, until people who would like to hide the truth find them, and then they can easily be destroyed with no resistance. Our task is to find them before the wrong people do 🙂

    • That’s a real pity to hear about the phone tower being built on the site of the sacred serpent mound Ella. It’s a shame there isn’t more understanding about the importance of these ancient sites among the general public and particularly among those with the authority to alter or remove them.

    • Yes, I agree Ella, Jenny and Olga – it’s invaluable to learn about these ancient sites, so that we can avoid missing what could be almost virtually on our doorstep.

      I also agree with your point Olga about the obscurity of some of these sites acting as a protection, as has also been the case with various ancient texts over the centuries, some of which were only rediscovered relatively recently.

  • Thanks so much for helping us all to see these sights and the serpent type structures. It must have been an amazing experience being there I would imagine.

  • Looks like a very intriguing place, thank you for sharing with us your impressions from the visit to this site. I am glad that the stones from these enigmatic structures have not been used for building homes and sheds, as sadly it happened to many sacred sites around the world. It would be interesting to know an estimate of the age of these stone structures from luminescence dating.

  • Thank you so much Jenny,this is truly profound knowledge of our past that shows
    a very different picture to what we have been told.

  • Nice you guys were able to go out and examine some of these constructions up close.

    Obviously with a Stonehenge or an Angkor Wat the level of sophistication and the possible sacred nature of a site is more easily apparent. But I think any work done to also put the smaller and lesser known sites on the map is very good and also important. Because when singling out only the iconic sites one might forget, or many will not even know, that they were part of huge cultures and civilisations. For example this blog post prompted me to have a look at the Ohio Serpent Mound again (to get a better idea of the North American geographical placement of these different areas) and I happened to read that over 1500 other ‘Effigy Mounds’ have been destroyed, and that there once were 15.000-20.000 mounds. I certainly didn’t know this! (Now I don’t know much about those mounds in North America, whether a number belong to a more ancient culture, but also many being more ‘recent’ variations replicating the ancient ones. etc.)
    But the point I wanted to make is that when your understanding of the world’s history changes due seeing a bigger picture (like seeing cairns, serpent-like structures, markers of surveying, solstice/equinox alignments, mirroring of starry heavens, sometimes global interpretations of constellations’ symbolic meaning, etc. — all around the world) then it also changes the perspective of lesser known sites.

    Again I know very little about sites in North America. But it seems there’s so many more of them than I thought, and importantly that they have not quite been placed in the right context, and perhaps that is the reason why they are not given the credit they are due? For example in another quick search just now I stumbled upon this site: ‘Poverty Point’ in Louisiana ( I had never even heard of it! and it dates to almost 4000 years ago. When places such as these are put in a different context, perhaps as being part of the civilisation of the sun, then it might change the views of ancient North America? I believe Graham Hancock’s next book focusses on North America?

    Thanks for this little view into you guys’ trip, wishing you many more beneficial future explorations.

    • Hey Karim, yes, that’s right — tons of sites in the USA that are so little discussed. We visited and looked into the mound sites there last year, including many in the Ohio Valley. Serpent Mound and Fort Ancient were two of my favorite places to visit, but we’ve also seen other impressive mounds and earthworks. Poverty Point Louisiana is on our bucket list. Another site you might find interesting is the Moundville Archeological Site in Alabama. And then of course there’s Cahokia.

      With regards to the amount of mounds, I was astonished as well when I saw how many of them there were / are, although many have been damaged or destroyed unfortunately — leveled and replaced by farmland and urbanization. Early surveys show that there were lots of interesting sites all over the place. For example, 30 mins from where we live there used to be over 100 mounds clustered in one little area — they’re all gone today and it’s pretty much all farmland now. The only clue to the fact they were there are the survey notes and diagrams by the people who studied them while they were still in existence. I also heard that for instance one serpent mound in the US was more recently destroyed by a cell phone tower placed on its “head.” Likewise we were astounded to see on our visit there that a prominent portion of the Newark earthworks has been converted into a golf course. And it was interesting to hear that there used to be a 50-foot stone pyramid in Ohio aligned to the east that was dismantled, with its stones used for other construction nearby… Amazing how even just 100-200 years can drastically change the landscape.

      One thing that I personally pondered during this trip to the Catskills is the purpose of these cairns, as you’re right, they’re not quite a Stonehenge or an Angkaor Wat :). I only got to visit a very small amount of them (as we couldn’t climb all the mountain peaks in the area in 2 days, naturally), but from the ones I visited I had a hard time picturing some of them as ceremonial sites. So I kept wondering why someone would have built these structures like that, why align some of them to solstices and equinoxes, why are there so many in the region…

      I then read Glenn’s article on the Graham Hancock site where he details how he plotted these structures from one area on a map and then connected them by lines and found that they aligned to one another over distances along solstice and equinox lines. And looking at his photos of dolmen and various megalithic rocks used in these alignments from high up points in the mountains brought to mind for me “The Surveyors” culture in New Zealand which Lara highlighted with a quote from Martin Doutre. In his article, Ancient New Zealand Surveyors and Astronomers, he shares that oral traditions there describe how when the Polynesian immigrants arrived on the island there was already an established civilization there which they called “The Surveyors” (and “Stonebuilders”) because they were constantly marking the landscape for surveying purposes. The resemblance of the “feel” and function of the sites in NZ (which you can see in photos on Martin’s article) to the ones Glenn writes about makes me feel like perhaps something similar took place in North America as well? Perhaps these sites were used to mark, measure, map, or track specific things (including celestial events), and perhaps to create alignments between sites at great distances. Either way, they’re definitely very enigmatic structures to contemplate.

      • I like that approach you mention Jenny of following that intuitive/logical feeling and not necessarily pinning oneself down to a certain view. An to then follow that up with this active questioning. Because the ancient past in some cases holds more things than I would think (even though my views have changed, opened up a bit and become a bit more informed- I feel there’s still a whole lot more to be filled in to get a more proper understanding of the picture of ancient times.) Like Lara mentions ‘… the story so far.’ and how certain new discoveries can change our whole views yet again.

      • Those are sad examples of modern society’s disregard for our spiritual history Jenny. Although there are still thousands of sites remaining throughout the world, the loss of 100 mounds is quite signficant. Likewise, the destruction of a pyramid in order to use the stones for construction also shows the lack of understanding of the signficance of these sites.

    • Thanks Karim for mentioning Poverty Point in Louisiana. I had also never heard of that one. It’s amazing how much of our history is unknown to us.

  • Very interesting article Jenny!

    The pictures with the serpent heads look very interesting and mysterious. I am wondering who made these walls and also how Glenn is planning to date them. As I understand it, dating stone needs some sort of organic material (wood, Pottery, Fabrics) that is certainly connected to the time when they first built these effigies. It would be great to see if someone wants to excavate around the serpent effigies to see if more can be found. Of course if Glenn can find some celestial alignments and tracing them back to a significant point for that site, that could work, which could also give lots of information and insights. Great find and also very nice pictures of you all!

  • Thanks Jenny, great photos and information.

    Very interesting that some of the stone cairns appear to mark certain stars and constellations.

  • Hey there Jenny,

    What an interesting visit you all had! And what a bonus to be able to speak with the author. His book looks very intriguing, and a book to add to the reading list.

    I was really impressed by the serpent effigy, quite extraordinary that the cairns and the effigies are in relationship to the constellation of Draco. Another interesting fact to look into as this location is not the only one as you stated.

    Thanks so much for sharing this with us and helping to uncover more and more of these sites where ancient people aligned to the S and E.

    How wonderful that as practitioners of the religion of the sun you are able to visit these ancients and mystery filled sites and even better, celebrate a Solstice there as well!

  • Wow Jenny, what an absolutely amazing trip. I wonder how many thousands of years ago these rocks were put into these formations. Ancient people had such incredible knowledge of the solstice and equinox alignments, as well as their amazing ability to align structures with various planets.

    It’s interesting too that the “great cairns and two snake effigies appear to map the stars with the constellation Draco upon the landscape’. Draco is the Latin word for serpent or dragon. In an old movie, The Last Dragon, when he died he returned to his star in Draco.

    • Hi Sue, in answer to your question about the dating – there is no hard data at this time to indicate the age of the cairns and effigies that we saw, unfortunately.

      Like many similar constructions found in New England, they are not well recognized by mainstream archaeologists and are often brushed aside as the work of colonial settlers. One archaeologist suggested in a newspaper editorial that the very big serpent effigy walls at Lewis Hollow were constructed by Irish workers from a nearby quarry in the 19th century. This is fairly absurd when you think about it, as it’s unlikely that quarry workers would want to go stack rocks for fun after a back-breaking day in a quarry 🙂

      It appears the English settlers did indeed build similar drystack constructions as boundary markers between properties. However, the style of the apparently pre-colonial monuments is noticeably different as Glenn pointed out on one of our excursions, and additionally many early property surveys in the New England area mention pre-existing stone structures, indicating that they were built before the arrival of modern settlers.

      Glenn mentioned they are planning to have some dating work done on the great cairns at the Lewis Hollow site and this could provide some hard evidence about their age – it will be exciting to learn more.

      In looking at them personally, I was really impressed at the construction of the cairns and effigy walls. The colonial walls are all very regular and “neat” looking, but the apparently more ancient constructions seem to make deliberate use of irregular rocks to provide extra stability. One of the people we met suggested that the gaps allow water to drain and prevent the structure from being disrupted by freeze/thaw cycles.

      Although it can appear that the stones are stacked in a random way, the structures are very solid, with each piece of rock firmly wedged in place. Additionally you can see in some of the pictures that they are built using pre-existing boulders as foundations, and the way the cairns build up from these irregular surfaces was really interesting to see.

      • Really fascinating information Justin. The fact that these walls remain standing today is testament to the ability and knowledge of the ancient builders. Can you imagine today’s structures remaining in thousands of years (especially those of the 21st C!).

        Yes, I can imagine the men who worked all day in the quarries had so much energy left, and nothing better to do with their time!

        I continuously find it amazing that many people refuse to acknowledge the age of things simply because they think today we have superior knowledge (clearly not). The experts admit that they could not replicate the Pyramids of Egypt if they tried, let alone have perfect alignments to certain star clusters and celestial events.

  • Wow amazing how many stone sites there are in just one small area, good to see that there are also people trying to preserve these great and interesting site, thanks for sharing

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