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Ancient Stone Structure That Aligns to the Winter Solstice Found in Sicily, Italy

On the top of a hill on the southern coast of Sicily, Italian Archaeologists discovered an ancient stone structure with a large opening that precisely marks the sun on the winter solstice.

Archaeologist Giuseppe La Spina and his colleagues came upon the structure, dubbed “calendar rock”, while surveying some World War II era bunkers nearby. After making the discovery they went back to the site to determine whether it contained any solar alignments.

They discovered that on the morning of the winter solstice the sun shines directly through the 3.2 foot diameter hole in the rock.

In the article below La Spina is quoted as saying, “At 7:32 am the sun shone brightly through the hole with an incredible precision. It was amazing.”

Here is some of the video Giuseppe La Spina captured of the alignment (note: the accompanying music in the video is a little “epic”; can be muted if preferred as there is no dialogue):

The structure is reported to be 5000 years old and the area in which it is found is reported to have been a sacred site at the end of the third millennium BC.

They also discovered that nearby the structure was what appeared to be a 16 foot tall menhir (standing stone), which La Spina says, “stood at a distance of 26 feet, right in front of the rock’s hole.”

Interestingly, two other stone structures with a similar build and solar alignments to the summer and winter solstice were found near Palermo, Italy by Alberto Scuderi. Scuderi believes the same people who made those may also be responsible for this stone structure as well.

Featured image is a screenshot from the video above.

About the author

Vida Narovski

Vida Narovski a writer and researcher for and is a practitioner of the Religion of the Sun. Vida is of Baltic descent, and she is fascinated by the remnants of the Religion of the Sun that are found in her Lithuanian roots, many of which are still prevalent in Lithuanian culture today. She explores ancient sacred sites and pores over ancient texts, with the hope of bringing back the relevance of the Religion of the Sun to those interested in spirituality today.


  • Interesting way to use the landscape to create a marker for the solstice. It looks very nice and I have to say the landscape around it looks stunning as well. Would’ve, I imagine, been a nice place to gather with others.

    I think it’s good to highlight simpler sites like this as well. Because when you add all smaller sites together, plus the slightly bigger ones all over the place, plus the monumental ones etc. then it really starts to paint a different picture of the prevalence of people who honoured the sun, solstices and equinoxes.

  • Very nice effect, the sun shining through a small circular hole like that. Would be nice to incorporate that into a modern site – you could do it much easier with a wooden pole of course.

  • Very interesting and beautiful way of aligning, thank you for sharing this!
    I wonder maybe the site will now become popular and there may be quite a few people present there on Winter solstice.

  • It’s really exciting to see this posting ???? Thanks for sharing this Vida! I remember when I first read about megaliths in Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization by Graham Hancock, he stated that there were “no true megalithic monuments to be found anywhere in Sicily”. I found that hard to believe, especially when it’s in close proximity to Malta which has some of the most amazing and enigmatic ancient solar-aligned temples in the world and the fact that Sicily was once connected by a land bridge to Malta before “the flood”. My skepticism forced me to search and delve a little deeper and sure enough I found out that there were PLENTY of them throughout the island. Just early this year there was an incredible underwater discovery off the coast of Sicily where a huge “Stonehenge-style” monolith dated to be around 10,000 years old was found in the south coast of the island in the Mediterranean Sea:

    And it doesn’t end there: there are paleolithic caves with art, lava pyramids (with a possible link to the Gaunches of the Canary Islands and the island of Mauritius), dolmens, and much more. Unfortunately it seems as though many of the renowned Italian and British archeologists that worked in Sicily are downplaying their historical significance, which I find seems to be a common and widespread problem among other ancient sacred sites in other parts of the world.

    • Pardon me, I accidently mixed up the dates between the two discoveries – the underwater one took place on August 2015 and the video Vida had posted took place early this year. I’d like to also state that the spiritual and historical significance to monuments like this are often downplayed. For instance, despite the fact that an ancient “Stonehenge-style” monolith has been discovered underwater in the Mediterranean Sea at a time when the ancient civilization responsible for it would have required an unorthodox level of wisdom and technology, researchers are still claiming that it may have served as a lighthouse or an anchor for fishing boats.

      • Hey Patricia,

        It would be pretty interesting to learn more about those sites you mentioned finding in Malta and Sicily. Maybe if you have time and details for ones that are aligned to the solstices or equinoxes you could post them in the ancient sites section of the forums if you wanted too?

        • I second David’s comment — do share more about Italy if you know of any places that are aligned. Italy has such a rich megalithic history with incredible “cyclopean” style architecture and masonry — much of it is very similar to impressive megalithic sites in South America.

          From what I’ve seen, in Italy there’s a number of pyramids of different shapes, including step pyramids (at Mount Etna) very similar to the ones in Tenerife and Mauritius, many megaliths and monoliths, giant stone walls, altars, dolmens, caves, stone circles, stone chambers, underground structures. Incredible masonry. One really cool place, not sure if you’ve seen it is Alatri, which I’ve seen in passing has solstice alignments and other interesting archeoastronomical designs. All this is to say, if there is so much above water, I can only imagine how much there is below…

          As a sidenote, I found that there are passionate people in Italy about these sites, but that much doesn’t get translated into English, so searching in Italian (or putting google translate to use) can yield more interesting results.

          P.S. that is definitely one impractical way to make a lighthouse 😉 Almost as impractical as the megalithic “root cellars” found scattered over the wilderness of North America.

      • I definitely thought of you when I came across this site Patricia! 😉

        Wow, thanks for that extra information as well. It sounds like there is a lot to uncover there which is really intriguing.

        I’m continuously amazed at just how many sacred sites are out there that are aligned to the sun, and that more and more keep getting discovered!

    • Talking about Sicily. Yesterday I spoke to a young man who was marvellously playing a little flute! He said it was called a Friscaletto. It was very uplifting to listen to with its high tone and he played a few songs for me. It was funny because lots of people started to listen in without me noticing and by the end there came a big applause from behind me 🙂

      Of his own accord he started telling me about Sicilian history and that actually this flute is played at the spring equinox. Where, from what I understood, they have traditions where there is a big pole and people dance around it with ribbons. This sounded to me like the maypole dancing known in Britain and Scandinavia. But he said that it dated back from Sicilian’s own history and was over a million years old 😉 (His friends said you mean a thousand? Yes, yes a thousand.)

      Anyway those were some surprising and nice moments during my day yesterday. I don’t know much about Sicilian history, nothing at all in fact, but it’s wonderful that some remnants of ancient celebrations still remain in traditions. Would be great to see more things connected.

      • Thanks for sharing that Karim! Yes, it’s a very popular instrument that’s used for various traditional Sicilian circle dancing. Isn’t it amazing to see the remnants of similar ancient traditions still being celebrated today by different cultural groups who practiced the religion of the sun? I’ve included a video below that features a circle dance with the high-pitched Friscalettu (“u” replaces the “o” in the Silician language which means “whistle”) in the background.

  • I’ve seen mountain peaks and features likes this always stand out, however because it is not obvious on how to predict whether they have alignments I just walked past them and forgot them. I wonder if this is why this site, with such a unique hole, has not been discovered much sooner.

    • Imagine how many sites around the world there must be waiting to be discovered because people don’t know to look for them or know of their significance. If I had have walked past this site I don’t know if I would have picked up that it had an alignment like this either. I feel like the more images of sacred sites I look at though, the more hopefully I’d be able to recognize site like this because so many of them have similar shapes and patterns.

  • I’m not sure if I’ve heard of a sacred site exactly like this one, but it reminds me how some sacred sites where there is a womb cave/mound can have a phalic stone before the entrance. I wonder if this is the symbology of this one as well.

  • Wow, that is amazing to see the sun shine through there – it would be an absolutely perfect spot for a solstice ceremony. You have to wonder if anything else may have been there originally seeing as the site is so old now…

  • Another great find, thanks Vida.

    As mentioned by David H, it would make sense that the menhir if standing would line up with the hole.

  • Interesting find, thanks Vida.
    I wonder if when the menhir was standing whether the sun would shine through the hole and onto the menhir. Seems possible since the menhir is lined up with the hole.

  • Thanks for sharing that Vida. I like how in some shots it looks like the rock is holding the sun. Interesting that in the article they talk about finding two similar sites nearby with similar carved holes with alignments – one to the winter solstice and one to the summer solstice – so they think there may be another structure aligned to the summer solstice they haven’t found yet.

      • We almost had one for this year’s summer solstice John but I got an offer I couldn’t refuse to celebrate it with friends elsewhere. Hopefully I can make it in time for the winter solstice and I welcome anyone who would sincerely be interested in exploring it with me to come along.

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