Blog Sites Aligned to the Sun

Cahokia — City of the Sun

cahokia city of the sun

An artist’s conception of what the layout of Cahokia may have been like: “The illustration shows the large Monks Mound at the center of the site with the Grand Plaza to it’s south. This central precinct is encircled by a palisade. Three other plazas surround Monks Mound to the west, north and east. To the west of the western plaza is the Woodhenge circle of cedar posts.”
Illustration and explanation by Heironymous Rowe, by [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Archeologists believe that sometime around 900-1050 AD a vast city was formed in the area of Collinsville, Illinois, USA — built around sacred sun veneration.

This city featured urban planning that incorporated astronomical alignments, a woodhenge aligned to the solstices and equinoxes, and other sacred structures aligned to the sun such as pyramids and mounds. It also had an organized and very successful agricultural practice. It apparently attracted many pilgrims and settlers and soon housed as many as 10-20,000 people. It was the largest known pre-Columbian city and ceremonial center north of Mexico.1

Then around the 1400s it appears to have suddenly been abandoned, leaving many questions about the sun-revering culture that erected it, and its unexplained sudden disappearance.

Cahokia’s Ancient Past

Today, this city is known as Cahokia, named by Europeans in the 17th century after the Cahokia tribe they’ve encountered in the area, but who themselves claim no connection to the ancient city or its builders,2 and much remains to be understood about this ancient metropolis. To this day the ethnicity, language, or origins, or even the name of the builders and inhabitants of Cahokia remain completely unknown.3

A deeper investigation reveals that Cahokia was likely established within and over an already existing site of a far older and more advanced civilization — a civilization responsible for erecting the numerous mounds Cahokia is famous for (about 120 of them), possibly as far as 5000 years ago.4

These mounds incorporate advanced engineering, incorporating astronomy, mathematics, geometry, and sea-faring principles into the positioning of the mounds, which researcher Martin Doutre demonstrated to involve “angle codes found on mound complexes of Great Britain, Continental Europe or code-bearing sites around the Mediterranean.”5 He explains that the main observation hub would have been the largest mound: Monks Mound, which has a base larger than that of the great pyramid of Giza in Egypt, and that from this spot the various mounds could be observed at precisely calculated angles.6

More information about the mathematical alignments of the mounds can be found in Martin Doutre’s work here.

Who Were Cahokia’s Ancient Builders and Users?

Another interesting thing to note about Cahokia’s ancient past is the fact the burial uncovered throughout the complex revealed skeletons of giants. These were not simply people who were tall (a term often used in the media to obfuscate history), but actually of a different species of humanoids. Many of the skeletal remains were reported to have featured jaws with double rows of teeth, missing canines, extra large molars, six digits, etc. Skeletons that had hair intact featured red or blonde hair. Many of these skeletons crumbled into dust shortly after being exposed to air, indicating that they were very old remains.7

The ancient Americas have been inhabited throughout time by many different types of peoples and civilizations, including giants — who may have been the builders or later users of Cahokia, given that their remains are so prolific at the site (and throughout the ancient mounds of America).

For more information about the remains of giants and traces of an ancient civilization found in America, see Jim Viera’s presentation below:

Given the solar-focused theme of the more recent city and culture of Cahokia (the sacred sites, artwork, symbols, etc.), it’s highly likely that the newly erected city was refurbished anew in more recent history by other practitioners of the ancient Religion of the Sun — possibly descendants of the lost civilization of the sun.

Cahokia’s Solar Alignments

Cahokia city’s more recent known purpose was a religious and sacred center. Its religion appears to have been that of the sun. It was built up precisely, using alignments to the sun, moon, and stars to erect and situate its ceremonial circle, mounds, and plazas. Cahokia’s main solar alignments can be found at Monks Mound, which aligns to spring equinox, and a woodhenge ceremonial area aligning to solstices and equinoxes.

You can click on the sections below for more details about the alignments of these sacred sites:

Cahokia’s Mysterious Demise and Legacy

Cahokia’s inhabitants’ mysterious decline mirrors the vanishing of other civilizations of the sun in the Americas, such as happened at places like Machu Picchu in Peru, and Mesa Verde in Colorado, USA — though in the latter cases it was clear that they were violently persecuted and driven out of their homes and lands. In the case of Cahokia, the ending is unclear at this point. Cahokia was already abandoned for centuries before European explorers discovered it.

The culture(s) who built and refurbished Cahokia shared many striking similarities with other civilizations of the sun, such as:

  • a structure of life around the sun’s major sacred stages through the year
  • the erection of sacred sites such as pyramids, mounds, and circles, some of which are quite similar to ones found in Teotihuacan and Europe
  • the use of astronomy in urban planning and the erection of sacred sites
  • the incorporation of solar symbols such as the solar cross, the circle within a circle, spirals, double spirals, yin yang, etc. used by other civilizations that practised the Religion of the Sun
  • and the presence of mass agriculture, which is another trait attributed to the Wisdom Bringers, who were known to have traveled the world, introducing civilization and agriculture into many cultures

This article has been updated on July 10, 2017. It originally contained a video which has now been removed due to additional information coming to light about Cahokia’s history which it did not reflect accurately. The video contained lot of misleading speculation, for example, on how the structures were built.

  1. The Washington Post. Accessed July 07, 2017.
  2. Ibid
  3. Ibid
  4. Doutre, Martin. Cahokia Mounds. Accessed July 08, 2017.
  5. Ibid
  6. Doutre, Martin. Cahokia Mounds. Accessed July 08, 2017.
  7. Ibid

About the author

Jenny Belikov

Jenny Belikov is a researcher and practitioner of the ancient religion of the sun and the Managing Editor for The Spiritual Sun, where she also researches and writes about ancient sacred sites; spiritual texts and practices; the latest discoveries in archeology, archeoastronomy, and related sciences; as well as the exploration of various facets of the lost civilization of the sun.


  • Reading into the intricacies of Cahokia, their advanced mathematical, geological and solar alignments and references to planetary measurements is just… too hard to get my mind around.

    It is a profound and purpose-filled survey of mathematical and astronomical proportions easily comparable to the pyramids of Giza.

    No wonder researchers and experts are baffled to the perplexities of Cahokia and ignore any serious attention that an incredible and superior race was behind its construction.

    I was just reading up on Matrin Doutre’s essay on Cahokia:

    What stood out like a lightning strike was the description and methods of senior authorities working for the Smithsonian, mainly John Wesley Powell and Franz Boas and how their views shaped the accepted history of archaeological discoveries. It is such a same that such incidences could radically change and fictionalize history into an ”uncompromising-immovable dogma” based on a small number of calculatively driven officials, turning unmistakenly highly sophisticated builders into primitive brutes.

    How far does ancient archaeological suppression go, nobody knows.

  • Jenny, thanks for sharing your research into Cahokia. I spent a good deal of time studying the site through reading books and online resources and couldn’t figure out how to frame what I had found. I heard first about the city from Jim Viera, but after beginning the study of it, never came across mentions of Giants. The solar and Equinox alignments were present in the wood henge and mounds but there was also a lot more of the story, it being such a big site, that I was going to come back to it sometime after studying other sites in the Mississippi valley. One of those aspects was the large evidence for mass human sacrifice. While above you say this is ‘unfounded’ from my research it’s quite well documented and was discovered in multiple burial pits throughout Cahokia. Timothy R. Packet at professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois provides a good overview of the different digs which exposed these mass killings in his book ‘Cahokia : Ancient Americas Great City on the Mississippi’. While I believe archeology can only give so much information, mass killing is unfortunately a fairly easy thing to uncover and decode. Personally, this only made things more complex, and showed that there was a degradation of spiritual principles that the original city had been built upon. Also, there’s clear evidence through studying the remains that there was a very strict class structure at Cahokia during its heyday (1050-1200) which showed that the elites ruled in relative power and the farmers who supported the larger city could be quite poor and malnourished. It was the labor reds who were sacrificed at ceremonies as well. Overall it had some echoes of Mayan mesoamerica to me.

    Besides that dark note, there are some interesting things I discovered: Cahokia was not just rebuilt over centuries, it was a massive city that all of a sudden, over the course of a few months, completely leveled the previous city architecture and developed a new urban layout and built it almost at once. It was the first government sponsored ‘urban renewal project’. All of this occurred shortly after there was a massive Supernova in 1054. A star in Taurus constellation exploded and stayed visible shining in the sky day and night for 23 days. This was seen around the whole world and is likely to make a big impact on celestially literate cultures. Perhaps this urban overhaul was led by a wisdom bringer?

    The other interesting notes is that there seem to be many small connections with mesoamerican cultures; there is a clear symbolism of a long nosed God, similar to Chac of the Mayan, there is the clear mythology of Two Semi-divine Brothers (again similar to the maya as explored in the Popol Vuh) and to me the main sporting event at Cahokia (the Native American game of Chunkey) seems to be echoed in the ball courts of the Maya as well.

    Tying together some of these elements (and even giants too) is an excerpt from the Ho-Chunk Legend of Red Horn (a demigod)

    “Red Horn married a girl who wore a white beaver skin wrap. Soon after that a group of threatening Giants moved into the area. Red Horn and his mates challenged the Giants to a series of high stakes games including a stickball match in which the losers would be put to death. Red Horn and his team won and the Giants were slaughtered except for one attractive woman, called Red Haired Giantess (because of her red hair) whom Red Horn took as his second wife. In time both wives of Red Horn bore children, two half brothers, both with red hair, one with human head for earrings like his father and the other with little human heads on his nipples. They were good sons, tricksters, and had a series of misadventures. During that time there were many Giants in the land and Redhorn and his friends found themselves in another high stakes stickball game. This time they lost and were killed, their heads placed on pikes in the Giants village. But the sons of Red Horn took it upon themselves to seek revenge…”

    • Hey Andrew,

      Thanks for sharing your experience of looking into this site. Honestly, it’s such a complex site that had I known what I was getting myself into here initially I would not have chosen to write about it as I feel there is still so much to understand about this place and its history. What started off as a simple spring equinox alignment article turned into a massive rabbit hole in this case.

      There have of course been cultures that unfortunately over time degenerated into human sacrifice as you say. In the case of Cahokia, there’s just not enough evidence or context to clearly understand what happened there (as there are no known descendants from that time period to tell the story of their ancestors or witnesses to describe these events, and no knowledge of the culture, no written record either). The suggestion of potential sacrifice is based on the fact that a few mass burials were found, and that a few of the bodies indicate they may have been sacrificed, though nothing is definitively concluded about these finds — only interpretations offered. They may be just burials after all, and the circumstances under which the few bodies are speculated to have been “sacrificed” are completely unclear and unknown. Something to also consider is that these mass burials allegedly took place over a relatively short time-period in the area’s history, and so even if they were sacrifices, they would appear to have been isolated instances which therefore doesn’t seem reflective of an entire culture / cultures who built or used the site. There could also always be explanations for certain things that are not being considered or are just unknown. Sometimes certain finds get an exaggerated reputation to distract from other information about a site, with theories subtly presented as facts, and in the case of Cahokia especially there’s a lot being misrepresented and intentionally filled in with vivid speculation. At this stage I feel it’s really hard to understand what actually took place there as a result.

      I haven’t heard of the book you mentioned by Timothy Pauketat, so just looked it up. From critical reviews of the book (even ones that are overall positive), a few things stood out: his information is considered to be a) not actually historical, and b) making unfounded connections between the culture of Cahokia with the practices of other cultures.

      I just had a peek at the book myself via a Google Books preview (searching for the keyword “sacrifice”), and from the pages that came up I feel that it is very theoretical and speculative, and some of the conclusions seem a bit strange to me:

      • For example, on one of the pages he speculates that some of the women in the burial must have been “chosen for sacrifice” because of their “good looks” because apparently their legs were less blemished — but how can anyone know what would have been considered good-looking and to whom? Not to mention, leg blemishes seems an incredibly odd way to judge beauty… and what kind of “blemishes” can you find on a skeleton anyhow?
      • He theorizes that there was a working class sacrificial group because a certain type of bone analysis showed that some of them apparently ate more corn and less meat, but maybe some people simply didn’t like to eat meat, or maybe didn’t eat it for other reasons? Later he shares there were remains of an apparently “higher class” found mixed in with this “lower class”, which somewhat dilutes this sacrificial caste theory. And then even more theories are conjured up within this context of there possibly being power-hungry royally descended rulers — he says that under the circumstances higher class women would have been apparently exempt from sacrifice unless they were of “royal blood” and “posed a threat to the throne” which just sounds imaginative considering nothing like this is actually known about the culture and its practices. What evidence is even there to conclude the rulers were elected by blood relations in the first place?
      • The book also mentions that there is “evidence” that the sacrifices have come from poor villages because villages were discovered nearby “with ample women’s artifacts”.. But how can the finding of women’s’ belongings in a village amount to evidence of sacrifice?
      • There are also suggestive ideas in there based on several other human sacrificing cultures, which is implanting notions from elsewhere onto Cahokia.

      This is just what I gleaned from reading a small percentage of the book, but overall I feel that this type of theorizing can leave powerful impressions planted about Cahokian culture, while it hasn’t even been established that sacrifice took place there in the first place.

      • Jenny,
        I can definitely see that playing up the ‘human sacrifice’ aspect of a site or even Native American peoples as a whole definitely takes the attention away from more potential culture shocking information and helps to relegate these cultures as savages and of less sophistication and culture then ourselves and our European ancestors. You’re also quite right that regardless of what we find with archeology, this does not give us a complete picture of the reality of that time and people, but only clues to it.

        While being quite mainstream, and not painting the picture I was hoping for I think Mr. Pauketat still did a good job translating what he knew about the site and the history of traditional archeology around Cahokia. He mixed some creative ‘visualization’ of what it might be like to approach Cahokia on foot as an indigenous person at the time, he went thoroughly through the history of archeology and digs at the site, he also explored other theories about potential connections between mesoamerica (while also stating these are only theories) and he covered important sites within ‘range’ of what he assumed would have been territory controlled by the people who built Cahokia to try for a greater context. I don’t feel like going back and forth point for point with your criticisms of his work, but taking the book as a whole does give better insight into the authors message and how he forms his ideas. I believe even he himself would not say that there was human sacrifice at Cahokia, but that there is ‘compelling evidence’ for it. And after reading those chapters of the book, the evidence does seem indicative to me. It was also known that in a few modern Native American tribes that when a chief died, his leading second in command, his wife, hand maidens, laborers etc.. would also be killed in a ritualized ceremony to be buried with the chief in order to accompany him in the afterlife. This was encountered and documented by early European explorers and is likely part of how archeologists may look at what they see at Cahokia.

        In any case, I think I would agree that mass killings were not prevalent for a sustained period and there is so much more to learn about the site about the site, that it can’t be eclipsed by the former idea.

        I’m interested in looking more into Mr. Doutre’s too. That looks promising for our type of research. Also, I’ve found promising research around solstice/equinoxes at another earthwork in the Ohio valley. It’s actually the largest earthwork in the world and while Cahokia had me not knowing which way is up, I feel that the Newark Earthworks and the new research coming from Ray Hively & Robert Horn could be more clearly understood in terms of the Spiritual Sun. I had begun a dive into that work months back and can continue working on that now or I can forward you what I’ve found if you’re interested or have time to pick up on it.

        • Hi Andrew,

          With Martin Doutre, the information I found most useful is his analysis of the mounds’ alignments and the scientific information encoded into these structures.

          The Newark Earthworks sound really interesting. Would definitely be great to learn more about them. Personally, I’m also curious to learn more about the mounds in Kincaid and Spiro.

          I wanted to bring up something interesting I stumbled upon today by complete chance: one scenario brought up in the book you mentioned was of a woman being clubbed as a form of human sacrifice. I came across a newspaper report from 1918 (pre-mass censorship of discussion of giants in the media) in The Alton Evening Telegraph reporting on an area uncovered within a very short distance from Cahokia (in Roxana) with lots of skeletons of “a prehistoric race of giants.” The skeletons were all male and female and of all ages, all apparently buried together inside a mound — all of them appear to have been struck on the head with a club. The paper reported that “The finding of the skeletons gives rise to the belief that there must have been a massacre of an entire tribe of highly civilized prehistoric men at that place…” and that “Ethnologists have frequently declared that at one time a highly developed race lived in America… and that they were slain..” (You can see a transcription of this article here, or here if you search the page for “Roxana” — it mentions a few other related interesting finds).

          Of course this is just one news report, but it does present a new possibility for what happened with these mass burials — an angle I’ve not seen covered anywhere mainstream. This makes me question the other burials and what was found inside — could these people also have been massacred and not sacrificed as some propose? After all that is something that has a historical basis: several other cultures in North America that seemed to be descendants of the civilizations of the sun have been violently attacked, massacred, and driven away at roughly the same time period. An example of that would be what happened in Mesa Verde or Chaco Canyon.

          • Thanks Jenny for all your extra information.
            Your conclusion is very much the way I see it. It makes complete sense that Spiritual descendants of the civilizations of the Sun were wiped out, and this is not only in cultures from these areas but there is so much evidence that it took place all over our planet.

  • About the article update:

    Shortly after writing this article I came across more information about this site that suggested something wasn’t right about what I originally shared. I dug in and realized that my article needed updating to reflect what turns out to be a much more ancient history of Cahokia, and that the video it originally featured needed to go.

    It appears Cahokia’s history has been obfuscated for the sake of a perpetuated narrative that diminishes the rich ancient past of America and the different civilizations that visited and inhabited it.

    On the one hand we are told that virtually nothing is known about Cahokia’s builders or inhabitants — not their ethnicity, culture, clothing, language, where they came from and where they went. On the other hand we are presented with a video (based in misleading vague speculations) depicting a tribe of people of a specific modern-day ethnicity, unclad, building mounds over centuries by carrying sacks of soil on their backs… all to build a hill on which a chief placed his house to rule his peoples… All the imagery and (mis)information leaves the viewer with a very specific inaccurate mental impression.

    The truth is that there are hundreds of largely unspoken about ancient sites aligned to the sun discovered in North America — cairns, dolmen, megaliths and monoliths, mounds and so on, and that these sites are very complex in their alignments, and Cahokia’s mounds are a prime example. Some of these sites are of extremely ancient dating and were clearly built using astronomy, math, great masonry skills, the use of advanced technology — the same as seen at ancient sites from other parts of the world.

    Many (if not most) of these sites are aligned to the sun and were clearly built by a civilization that practiced the Religion of the Sun. There is also a clear connection with other civilizations, such as the UK or Egypt for instance, via architectural similarities or via the artifacts of non-American origins / subject matter found. Then there are the skeletons of an entirely different race of people unknown to us today (giants) extracted from these sites, pointing to a specific civilization that clearly existed in the US (and elsewhere around the world) and likely built these mounds or later used them.

    I felt it was important to bring to light (albeit briefly, for this is a large topic) Cahokia’s more ancient history and builders so as not perpetuate the misinformation.

    • Ha ha, that was my feeling too, Jenny. That the original builders of this sophisticated city most likely didn’t look like the ones in that video.

      It reminds me of a DVD movie I saw once, that attempted to enact the building of the pyramids of Egypt, depicting thousands of simple people coming there to work to carry the stones, living in temporary towns, etc. Somehow, that style of bilding just didn’t match the amazing sophistication of the pyramids.
      A different documentary I saw called ‘Eye of Horus’ (not available in English unfortunately) offered more believable solution that included levitation and involvement of people with advanced consciousness in moving the blocks, even though of course its good to always leave a room for doubt in any case.

      • Thanks for sharing, Lucia, and for giving me the opportunity to explain something a bit further:

        I knew that the builders most likely didn’t look as the video portrayed when I shared it at first, but since it’s near impossible in some cases to find a documentary that portrays everything accurately I mistakenly excused that initially thinking that at least it presented other interesting things about the site, and in an unusually positive light too (for example, I was quite happy not to see a focus on glorified and at times unfounded human sacrifice and all that kind of stuff you find in so many documentaries about similar ancient sites).

        However, after becoming informed about the coverup of the history of this site and related ones, I realized that this video played right into this effort to misinform. What was presented no longer seemed a simple mistaken oversight or lack of knowledge, but a part of a larger effort to convey a very vague and distracting message to fill in a vacuum (focus on “happy things” and how great things must have been in the days of Cahokia, implant a specific impression of the primitive builders, focus on its recent historic use rather than its more ancient creation, and disregard existing evidence of who actually may have built the site) — this vacuum is being created by the obliteration of the true story of the site.

        I think it’s interesting for example that skeletons of the people who existed at the time of these mounds’ creation (or later use) were reported found, and that some were apparently found clothed and had interesting artifacts buried with them. Just from that alone, how much information the public could have had about the site and its builders by now (who they were, what they looked like, how they dressed, how long they lived and the quality of their life, when did they live, what culture were they from, etc.) had this been investigated properly and publicly disclosed. Instead we are told it’s an unknown, and the picture is filled in for us the viewers (and visitors to the site) with a completely different story that isn’t based in anything factual and that disregards the actual hard evidence found at the site.

        It’s very much the same as the Egyptian documentary you describe of the primitive pyramid builders with the laughable tiny chisels. This erasure of history and its replacement with another narrative that portrays us as the pinnacle of civilization and the ancients as primitive, reducing the remarkable achievements and sophisticated structures of these ancient civilizations to mounds of dirt a chief could govern from (or in other cases to “root cellars”, “tombs”, and so on).

        • Thanks Jenny, you bring up some really good points for me to reflect on, about not being part of contributing to the perpetuation of misinformation. Thanks for your extra research to go deeper into the truth of the site.

        • Thanks Jenny for delving into this more subtle form of deception. Like you, I also also at first thought the makers of the documentary just did their best with whatever information they had available, and even though the portrayal of the ancient people looked a bit funny, I thought it was a sincere attempt at least. But really, when looking closer at it, if we can see something is off on that portrayal, how much more the makers of such a documentary should see, having supposedly studied all possible documentations on it, right?

          Thanks for bringing it up.

  • It was very interesting to watch this video – I am glad that there are always some people who are on a mission to reveal the hidden past of our ancestors. Reading through the Spiritual Sun book and throughout this site, one can learn a lot about the mysteries of this world and what it was that really mattered to those who lived here way before us.

      • Thanks for posting the update Jenny. I am a big fan of Jim Vieira and his documentaries. I was beginning to wonder about whether the topic of giants were going to be mentioned, especially since many have been excavated from numerous mounds across the Americas. I’m really glad to see that they have been and I’m definitely looking forward to learning more about this great mystery from our past.

        • Yeah, I’m also really impressed with Jim Vieira’s perseverance to look into things despite all the opposition.

  • Great article, I did not realise Monks Mound covered a bigger area than the Great pyramid of Giza. It would be an awesome experience to visit this site.

    • I’m not sure what the earplugs mean — I wondered about that as well, but will withhold the theories I conjured up 😉

      It appears to be an identifier (in conjunction with other traits) at this point. A connection is drawn between the wisdom bringer Wotan / Odin in Germanic and Norse cultures and Votan / Viracocha in Central and South America, both of whom appear to have been of Indo-European origin and had a similar dress style. Giant ear plugs have been depicted on an early inhabitant of Europe / a druid priest who mirrors the European description of Wotan, and also on statues in South America of Viracocha / Votan.

      It also says “The earliest evidence for elongating ears using 
ear plugs was found in people who had arrived by boat to the Indus Valley in India—another
 place where the knowledge of the spiritual sun emerged”, which is interesting considering so many legends of wisdom bringers arriving by boat around the world (and given what we know about their global seafaring network and navigational knowledge).

      (This info and quote is from p. 53-54 in my book)

      I know this really stood out to me as curious as I would otherwise never have imagined Viracocha or Wotan to have ear plugs. I’ve always associated the practice with certain Asian and African cultures, so it was quite surprising and very interesting to see them in the traditional depictions of Wotan / Votan / Viracocha in the book. And strange again to see it in a number of figurines found at Cahokia.

      • I haven’t really liked the look of modern-day ear plugs before – I think my view may change now!

        One theory I’ve heard about the use of ear plugs is linked to the ears being externally linked to the kidneys in Chinese medicine theory, both being governed by the element of water and the kidneys being the ‘external orifice’ of the kidneys. The kidneys were the ‘storehouse of Jing’, creative energy, and with that large ears and maybe the elongation of them, was related symbolically.

        • Hi Ella, my understanding is that the use of ear plug pre-dates Chinese medicine though and goes back to far more ancient times.

  • Like others have noted, it is remarkable to learn more about sacred sites located in North America, as these seem to be almost completely absent from history books and general common knowledge.

    I’d suspect most people have no idea about any evidence for sophisticated cultures with monumental architecture, urban planning, etc. that pre-date European arrival in North America – I certainly didn’t until relatively recently.

    The implications are huge, especially when considering the similarities between these sites and others in Mexico, South America, Europe, and Africa (and elsewhere) in terms of architectural styles, symbols, astronomical alignments, and others Jenny mentioned.

    • Yes it really is remarkable. Thanks so much Jenny for putting all this interesting information together. Just reading through it, I felt like this site was sighing with relief as the pieces of its story were being put back together.

      Very sad that this information was kept from our history, but so it goes when living in this world…

      The dating of the settlement, between 900 and 1050 AD, makes me wonder if the Americas were among the last of the settlements of the civilization of the sun? While certain elements prevailed throughout the following 1000 years I am sure, it seems as though this period was the last time such a culture and large group of people openly practiced the religion of the sun.

  • I never realised Monks Mound was so big! There’s something really special about the earthen mounds, they have a different feel about them than the pyramids or other structures built from stone. Like they are more connected or part of earth or nature somehow.

    I wonder if the mystery of disappearing cultures will ever be solved, it’s pretty intriguing.

    • I’m not really familiar with the specifics of the Mississippi civilization, but in the case of the Anasazi in the four corners region of North America it’s not really a mystery what happened to them at all — it is pretty clear they were violently persecuted, although it seems the establishment narrative wants to pretend it’s a mystery and ignore what happened, despite archeological and cultural evidence of them being massacred.

      I updated my post about the Sun Temple in Mesa Verde Colorado to make that clearer, because it seems there are efforts out there to suppress or obfuscate what really happened, and I felt it was important to clarify these things so the truth is known. Otherwise it allows the false narrative to continue.

      I think its a similar thing that happened to the culture at Machu Pichu too — I don’t believe their settlements were in such extremely remote and difficult to reach places where farming is difficult just for nothing.

      Ultimately it seems various vested interests, for whatever reasons, want to suppress the record of the religion of the sun in the world and what happened to it (which was violent persecution in many instances), and this just so happens to suit those who don’t want this spiritual knowledge to be known.

      • Thanks for clarifying that point Matthew. I would have never personally thought that implying that something such as a race of people mysteriously vanishing could be a form of misinformation while actually covering up their massacre. Its much easier to swallow and leave the story at ‘mystery’ vs. acknowledging a very violent and dark part of unreported history. It goes to show how easy it is to go with the flow of how the story is told and not question further.

      • Thanks for clarifying that Matthew. I had known that there was evidence of people who practiced the religion of the sun being violently persecuted, but I didn’t realize it was so widespread. It’s a very sad reality then, not a “mystery” at all.

    • I got to visit Cahokia a couple of years ago. The size is quite impressive, it’s quite a climb to the top. Apparently the geological engineering used to create earth mounds is actually quite sophisticated, and is responsible for their longevity.

    • I wonder that as well David. Because is not just disappearing of people but whole parts of history. The time, wars, physical disasters and such though can have an influence of course but like in Greece for example, with the Intervention of religious fanatisism a lot of the monuments were damaged and historical evidence was lost.
      I’m glad that because of touristic reasons as well as historical ones, some were saved and still, we can learn from them.

      I wonder also what we should do to keep that information and evidence for the next generations and for not to be lost as so many have been lost already. The external as the internal part of them as well.

  • Very impressive and something I would not expect to be in this area, how different it could be from today if they followed similar ideas thanks for sharing

  • Thanks for sharing this. These mounds are scattered throughout the Midwest of the US. I didn’t realize how big actually the main mound/pyramid was at Cahokia – that it’s closer in size to some of the pyramids in Mexico. It’s funny, I grew up in the Midwest region, and when I was younger I traveled to Mexico to see the pyramids there, as I was really interested in the pyramids and their solstice alignments. I had no idea there were these type of pyramids with solstice alignments closer to home, as there generally isn’t much talk or excitement about old pyramids with solstice alignments in the US.

  • Amazing, never heard of it either… But it is obvious how crucial an objective spiritual knowledge is to building a peaceful and harmonious society. The video seems like a very nice attempt to enact a life in this forgotten Sun city, even though I have a feeling that its original inhabitants probably looked a bit different. 🙂

  • It’s incredible just how rich a history there is in North America of sophisticated civilizations practicing the spirituality of the sun, and yet we hardly ever hear anything about it. Thanks for the overview Jenny — this wasn’t in the official history I learned in school. It certainly seems there’s some kind of active effort to suppress or ignore these civilizations, particularly in North America.

    • Funny you say that — one documentary I watched explained that in the 18th century when European explorers were first investigating the place some of them adamantly declared that this place couldn’t have built by the locals they were encountering at that time and that it had to have been built by an advanced lost civilization. Then the narrative changed…

      Early 19th century seems to be a big turning point when American history suddenly had a massive overhaul.

    • As a Canadian, it’s remarkable to see a sudden influx of so many sacred sites being uncovered in the USA and Canada that are similar to the Cahokia complex, something sadly I’m only starting to learn about now. Incredibly there are many different indigenous groups across Canada/the USA that still refer to North America as “Turtle Island” and many of their oral histories speak about the story of the “Great Turtle” as part of their creation mythology.

  • I haven’t heard even a whisper of this place and it’s just enormous! It really makes clear how disconnected we are to our history and environment, and how misleading our cultural narrative really is.
    The 1400’s seem relatively close in time to me – it’s incredible to think that places like this, that were based on such spiritual principles, were still used at that time – though perhaps the inhabitants at the time of its abandonment already lived a ‘watered down’ version of the way their ‘founding fathers’ did. I wonder what is was that happened to make the people flee …

    Hearing about places built in such ways, and possibly so many thousands or millions of people (population of London!) living in harmony sounds like science-fiction to me now. Such a shame. It also makes me long for that kind of place … thank you for bringing this to our attention!

    • Hi Ella,

      I’ve heard of this place before, but until coming across this video I didn’t realize the enormity and complexity of it and also its significance. I’ve typically seen it mentioned in passing as another mound in the USA… When I saw this video it somehow all came together.

      About the dating… it’s an interesting question. Given how convoluted “history” and “archeology” related to the Americas has become, it’s really difficult to know if the dating is reliable. It does seem to be consistent though with several other ancient sites and civilizations that flourished and vanished in the Americas in the not so distant past. So I don’t know if the dating for all of them is wrong or right, but hey, at least we know they were there 🙂 and can take away something from it all.

      That said, it is curious that it was apparently built up and then completely abandoned over a relatively short period of time. Really makes you wonder what happened…

  • Just watched the video. Nicely done.

    The Monks Mound looks huge! Very reminiscent of pyramids in South America.

    It would have really stood out in the city among the plazas and buildings.

    • Unfortunately today Monks Mound eroded quite a bit and is sloping in places due to water damage (and general damage caused to many of the mounds by recent human activity). At its prime though, I see a connection with the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan and its surroundings.

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