New research has been added to the site exploring the origins of the spiritual knowledge of ancient Greece, which has its roots in even older civilizations that practiced the Religion of the Sun in the region thousands of years earlier. These more ancient civilizations include the Mycenaean, Minoan, and Cycladic cultures.
Evidence indicates that people in this part of the world had knowledge of the religion of the sun and an advanced understanding of solar and celestial phenomena at a very early point in history. As described in the article on Cultures Descended from the Civilization of the Sun:
[…] Minoan monumental culture (located on the present-day Greek island of Crete) dates to at least 4,000 years before present, and there is evidence for settlements dating back 7,000 years.1 There is also evidence of sophisticated astronomical observation and solar calculations among Early Helladic culture on the Cyclades Islands dating back 6,000 years,2 and new discoveries continue to be made that expand our perception of how sophisticated these ancient cultures were.
The Minoans and Mycenaeans are genetically similar to each other as well as to modern-day inhabitants of Greece; DNA evidence indicates that they settled the Aegean at least 9,000 years ago and are descendants of the Early Neolithic farmers of Europe, who are associated with the spread of agriculture across Europe after the end of the last ice age.34 This DNA connection suggests these cultures could have been seeded or influenced at an early stage by the civilization of the sun.
In addition to their great antiquity and the DNA evidence linking these ancient peoples to the civilization of the sun, there is extensive evidence in the archaeological record showing a reverence for the sun and knowledge of its movements:
[…] numerous ancient sites across the region are aligned to solar events, such as the mountain sanctuary at Petsophas, Crete, which aligns to the equinox and solstice,56 or the “Treasury of Atreus” in Mycenae, which has an equinox sunrise alignment.7 The famous palace/temple of Knossos is also aligned to the sun; researchers believe that a special concave stone in one of its halls was meant to hold liquid capturing the sun on the equinox sunrise and reflecting it to create a shadow touching a double-axe symbol carved on the wall.8
The double-axe is similar to the infinity symbol and one of the most prominent symbols of Minoan culture, connected to the equinox as a symbol of balance, reflecting day and night being equal.9 […] Other archaeological finds also reveal the deep understanding of solar and celestial phenomena among Aegean cultures of antiquity. Researchers have identified that ceramics from the Cyclades dating back 5,000-6,000 years (often referred to as “frying pans” because of their characteristic shape) contain markings that track the movements of the sun and planets, including several that possibly were intended to calculate the distance between the winter and summer solstice. Many are also connected to the movements of the planet Venus, which was known as the “Morning Star” in ancient times and was connected with a number of figures representing the Spiritual Son, such as Jesus and Quetzalcoatl.10
Many other facets of ancient Greek culture that have survived to the present day also have their origin in these more ancient civilizations, including deities, mythology, and symbols.
Interestingly, researchers also note that one of these “frying pan” ceramics that they believe was used to track the movements of Venus contains a five-rayed star or pentagram, which is another symbol associated with the spiritual sun and is depicted in the heavens by the movement of Venus relative to our perspective on earth.12 It was also a symbol of the Pythagoreans.13
Both the article on descendants and the updated introduction to the Practices from Ancient Greek Texts discuss the significance of the Greek philosopher, scientist, and spiritual teacher Pythagoras as someone who appears to have revived the knowledge of the Religion of the Sun in his own time, building on the knowledge in Greece and also reportedly travelling widely to other places that preserved that knowledge such as Persia, Egypt, and India.
The spiritual practices of ancient Greece, although mainly captured in later writings about the Pythagorean tradition, emerge from the foundation of a more ancient past and give compelling testimony of how the practice of the Religion of the Sun was kept alive among the Aegean cultures for thousands of years.
M. Tsikritsis, X. Moussas, and D. Tsikritsis, “Astronomical and mathematical knowledge and calendars during the early Helladic era in Aegean “frying pan” vessels,” Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 15, no. 1 (2015): 136.
Mary Sullivan Blomberg, Göran Henriksson, and Peter E. Blomberg, “Drawings – Petsophas,” Minoan Astronomy, , accessed November 10, 2017, http://minoanastronomy.mikrob.com/plans.html#petsophas.
Victor Reijs, “Possible alignments at Mycenae, Greece,” Geniet: Treasury of Atreus and Tholos of Clytemnestra, accessed November 10, 2017, http://iol.ie/~geniet/eng/atreus.htm. See a video demonstration of the alignment here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-Prwb93Ad0.