Around 8000 petroglyphs have been found along the side of a mountain in Narigua, Coahuila, in Northern Mexico.1
The petroglyphs are carved on 500 rocks scattered along the mountain and contain symbols like crosses, concentric circles, and the sun, which are symbols often found in cultures who celebrated the Religion of the Sun.
The Narigua petroglyphs are proposed to be around 6000 years old, based on dating that has been done at other petroglyphs nearby.2 It’s uncertain that this date is exact given that rock art is extremely difficult to date without a supporting context and some of the nearby sites have a wide range of dates.3
Interestingly, there are over 600 sites containing rock art clustered together in Northern Mexico.4 One of these sites is Boca de Potrerillos, which contains thousands of petroglyphs with many of the same types of symbols found at the Coahuila site. Remarkably, the petroglyphs at Boca de Potrerillos were found to have been placed intentionally to face the rising sun and have solstice and equinox alignments.5
While it remains somewhat of a mystery who created this rock art and when, the symbols depicted in the Narigua petroglyphs (and similar sites in the area) show the presence of peoples or cultures who placed an importance on symbols of the sun.
More information on Boca de Potrerillos and other significant sites in this area will be posted in upcoming articles.
Here is a video which shows many of the petroglyphs found in Narigua:
“Hallan petrograbados de seis mil años de antigüedad en México (Fotos).” LaPatillacom. Accessed October 28, 2017. https://www.lapatilla.com/site/2013/07/09/hallan-petrograbados-de-seis-mil-anos-de-antiguedad-en-mexico-fotos/.
MURRAY W.B. 2012. — Early rock art of the Americas as reflected in the Northeast Mexican corridor. In: CLOTTES J. (dir.), L’art pléistocène dans le monde / Pleistocene art of the world / Arte pleistoceno en el mundo, Actes du Congrès IFRAO, Tarasconsur-Ariège, septembre 2010, Symposium « Art pléistocène dans les Amériques ». N° spécial de Préhistoire, Art et Sociétés, Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Ariège-Pyrénées, LXV-LXVI, 2010-2011, CD: p. 643-654.
Cotte, Michel, and Clive Ruggles. “Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy in the context of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention – A Thematic Study.” Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy in the context of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention – A Thematic Study, June 2010, 54-56.