The cross is one of the most prominent symbols of the ancient Religion of the Sun, and it is also one of the most ancient known and nearly universally used religious symbols.1 Ancient prehistoric artifacts, rock art, and ancient sites incorporating the sun cross symbol can be found all over the world. In the modern day this solar symbol continues to be incorporated into traditional clothing, jewelry, various ornaments, and solstice and equinox celebrations.
This symbol encompasses many cosmic principles. One main symbolism within the sun cross is the marking of the solstices and equinoxes, which are significant times of year in the path of the spiritual sun for practitioners of the Religion of the Sun. It also symbolizes the forces of creation, the union between the masculine (vertical line) and feminine (horizontal line) forces. The cross is also a symbol of selflessness and helping others spiritually.
One of the most interesting things about the cross is its widespread use. The most commonly used cross symbol in antiquity is the solar cross, an encircled cross where the vertical and horizontal lines are of equal length, and many variations of this symbol have been found across all continents, dating back many thousands of years.
The prolific use of this symbol also establishes remarkable connections between many ancient cultures, sometimes separated by vast distances, which highlights the wide reach of the lost civilization of the sun in ancient times and the diffusion of the symbols of the ancient Religion of the Sun throughout the world.
For instance, below are two examples of a simple solar cross (also known as “Odin’s cross” or the “sun wheel,” etc.) — one is from Scandinavia, the other was found as a petroglyph from pre-Columbian USA:
Another example is a variation of the sun cross, known as the “Maltese Cross”, which can likewise be found in ancient Mesopotamia, Europe, and North America:
This symbol has now been added to the Symbols of the Religion of the Sun page, where lots of examples of its use all over the world can be seen:
“Cross,” The Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edition, 1910) volume 7, page 506. Accessed online on September 8, 2017 via Archive.org.
Photo credits: RIGHT: Photo by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Cropped. CENTER: Photo by GFreihalter [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. LEFT: pre-Columbian USA, center: ancient Mesopotamia, right: Spain.
RIGHT: Photo licensed from Alamy.