Megalithic Stone Circle below Mt. Krn, Slovenia aligns to Winter Solstice

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    aleksandr
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    A recently discovered megalithic stone circle in Slovenia’s Julian Alps aligns to winter solstice sunrise and sunset.

    Krn stone circle incorporates an entrance of two megaliths pointing to winter solstice sunrise, as well as a northern platform that aligns to winter solstice sunset. Winter solstice alignments are also mimicked in the topography of the landscape.

    Archaeological and geological findings in and around the stone circle prove it as a prehistoric monument. Geomantic findings, solar alignments and the presence of winter solstice symbols suggest that it was used for solar winter solstice rites.

    KRN STONE CIRCLE

    Krn Stone Circle, copyright Matevž Lenarčič

    Krn Stone Circle, copyright Matevž Lenarčič, republished with permission of Janez Bizjak

    Krn stone circle (in Slovenian: krog pod Krnom or podkrnski krog) was discovered in 2005 by Janez Bizjak, while examining his old photos of the area.

    Located a few kilometers north of the village Krn, it is a relatively simple stone circle that lies on the southern slope of Mt. Krn (2,244 m), at approximately 1,360 m above sea level.

    Set close to a steep mountain face with sweeping views of the Alps and the Adriatic sea, the site comprises an outer ring of stones encircling a smaller inner ring of stones. The inner ring consists of four large boulders aligned to the four cardinal directions.

    Krn Stone Circle sketch, copyright Janez Bizjak

    Krn Stone Circle sketch, copyright Janez Bizjak, republished with permission of Janez Bizjak

    The outer ring also incorporates alignments to the cardinal directions. It is elliptical in shape, with the wider side approximately 31.4 meters in diameter and the narrower side about 28 meters.

    The diameter of the wider side of the outer circle is approximately ten times the mathematical constant π. Stone circles of similar dimensions are common throughout the world and especially in Europe, with examples including Stonehenge (England), Castlerigg Stone Circle (England) and Majorville Medicine Wheel (Canada).

    The outer circle incorporates two megaliths on the south-eastern side that align the center of the circle with winter solstice sunrise.

    The northern edge of the outer circle has a unique platform-like shape and includes an elevated megalith that points to Mt. Krn in the north. This stone aligns with another megalith outside the circle to point towards winter solstice sunset.

    Many stones outside of the perimeter of the circle look like they may be significant and may have served as markers for alignments with the sun, moon, and other celestial bodies. A detailed archeoastronomical study has not been carried out so far.

    ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDINGS

    avel Jamnik and Janez Bizjak found fourty-one archaeological artifacs in animal burrows, road works, cow paths and similar places in the vicinity of Krn stone circle [see Reference 1]. They uncovered five samples of pottery and thirty-six stone tools, including shells, cores, shatter fragments, and bladelets up to 7 cm long.

    Archaeological finds confirmed Krn Stone Circle as a prehistoric monument.

    A rough dating for the monument is proposed based on the finds: ceramic fragments are from the Bronze Age (circa 900BC to 300BC) while stone tools could be much older. Because the two were found together the combination is dated conservatively to be at least as old as the Bronze Age.

    Similar archaeological sites [see Reference 2], and a stone circle [see Reference 3] have been recently discovered throughout the southern slope of Mt. Krn. They are mostly attributed to the Mesolithic period (circa 7,600 BC until 5,800 BC) [see Reference 4].

    GEOLOGICAL RESEARCH

    Dr. Jože Čar confirmed that the arrangement of stones in the circle is not random, nor common to the surrounding landscape [see Reference 5].

    He found that the composition of soil within the stone circle has been altered: clay and humus have been removed and replaced by gravel. This finding contradicted common claims that the stone circle was made for the purposes of animal pasture.

    Based on corrosion tests of stones of the southern perimeter of the circle, Dr. Čar estimated the stones to have been placed in their current position ‘a few thousand years ago’ [see Reference 6].

    Dr. Čar noted that the location of the stone circle is on the border of Podmeljska and Rutar nappes. Nappes are large sheets of surface rock that have been moved from one area to another as a result of movement of the earth’s crust (over millennia). Being on the border between two such sheets may contribute to the energetic properties that Jože Munih found.

    GEOMANTIC PERSPECTIVE

    Jože Munih studied the stone circle using tools for dowsing and the Bovis scale [see Reference 7].

    The Bovis scale is used by dowsers and geomants to quantify the strength of earth energies (also called ’cosmo-telluric’ energy) in a location. It has been developed by Alfred (or Antoine) Bovis in the 1930s during studies of the Great Pyramid and was expanded upon by Blanche Mertz towards the end of the same century [see Reference 8].

    The scale consists of readings centered on 6,500 Bovis, which is neutral. Readings below 6,500 Bovis are said to have detrimental properties on life. Readings above 6,500 Bovis are said to be life enhancing. There is no upper or lower cap and readings can be negative.

    People tend to measure around 7,000 Bovis, while sanctuaries of nature can show readings of between 50 million and 250 million Bovis.

    Jože measured energies up to 150 million Bovis inside Krn Stone Circle. He says that the area called ‘the pupil of the circle’ (the northern platform) has the highest concentration of energy [see Reference 9].

    WINTER SOLSTICE ALIGNMENTS

    Winter solstice sunrise and sunset map, copyright Aleksandr Klyashitsky based on image from Altas Okolja

    Winter solstice sunrise and sunset alignments map, copyright Aleksandr Klyashitsky, based on image from Altas Okolja

    Krn stone circle is located on the flattest part of the southern slope of Mt. Krn. Because of its location on the edge of a mountain, it is enclosed by Julian Alps on the north, east and west. To its south the view opens up toward the Soča river, Italy and the Adriatic sea. The open view facilitates horizon solar alignments only in the days surrounding winter solstice, when sunrise and sunset are at their southerly extreme.

    The structure of Krn Stone Circle also highlights winter solstice sunrise and sunset alignments. Jože Munih was the first person I know to record winter solstice sunrise and sunset alignments.

    Winter solstice sun rises close to the eastern extreme of observable horizon and via two of the larger perimeter rocks aligns with the center of the circle.

    Krn winter solstice sunrise, copyright Jože Munih

    Krn winter solstice sunrise alignment from center of stone circle, copyright Jože Munih, used with permission of Jože Munih

    Winter solstice sun sets close to the western extreme of the observable horizon, and aligns with the northern platform via a stone marker just outside the stone circle. In this case the view is to the mountains in the distance, just above the actual horizon line.

    Krn winter solstice sunset small, copyright Jože Munih

    Krn winter solstice sunset alignment from the Northern Platform, copyright Jože Munih, used with permission of Jože Munih

    Today, the alignments mentioned have undoubtedly shifted from their original positions due to a fluctuation in the earth’s obliquity of the ecliptic, which gradually moves solstice sunrise and sunset position south. It is possible to calculate the age of ancient monuments through a measurement of the angle of deviation of winter solstice sunrise and sunset today from the oldest markers that exist for each alignment [see Reference 10]. It may also be possible to use this method to estimate the age of Krn stone circle.

    WINTER SOLSTICE SYMBOLS

    Analysis of the symbols found within the structure and location of Krn Stone Circle provides an additional level of insight into the monument. To locate and interpret the symbols of the site I am using Belsebuub explanation of the meaning of winter solstice from his book The Path of the Spiritual Sun.

    Traditionally, winter solstice represents the birth of light out of the dark void on the first day of creation.

    “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, and it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.” [see Reference 11]

    ~Genesis 1:1-5

    Belsebuub explains that on an esoteric level winter solstice also symbolizes the birth of light within a person who is undergoing the process of awakening [see Reference 12]. This is the ‘second birth’ that is spoken of by Jesus in his conversation with Nicodemus:

    Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus who was a member of the Jewish ruling council. He came to Jesus at night and said, ‘Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the signs you are doing if God were not with him.’ Jesus replied, ‘Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.’ ‘How can someone be born when they are old?’ Nicodemus asked. ‘Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!’ Jesus answered, ‘Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit. You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You must be born again.’ [see Reference 13]

    ~The Gospel According to John 3:1-7

    A stone circle that aligns to winter solstice sunrise is symbolic of the womb which gives birth to the sun. The womb is also depicted as a mound, cave, dolmen and pyramid aligned to winter solstice. Belsebuub explains this symbol as part of the winter solstice ceremony:

    The sacred circle represents the womb, the earth, the world, and the stables in which the Son is born – at the center of which is the divine Treasury, represented by the fire [see Reference 14].

    ~Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, The Path of the Spiritual Sun

    At the center of Krn stone circle are four boulders aligned to the four cardinal directions. Belsebuub explains that the number four represents creation:

    Four forms the foundation of life and encompasses the bounds of creation. It is found in the four cardinal directions; the four points of the cross of the year, which are the solstices and equinoxes; the four elements; the dimensions of our physical world which are length, width, height, and time; and the four material bodies within each person – physical, vital, astral, and mental [see Reference 15].

    ~Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, The Path of the Spiritual Sun

    The main event in the cosmic drama on winter solstice is the birth of the sun/Son. The sun/Son is born to the masculine and feminine aspects of the creator, as explained in the story of Genesis.

    The masculine aspect of the creator is called Father, Vishnu, Odin, Ra, Svarog, the Spirit of God in the story of Genesis, and by many other names. Belsebuub uses a pine tree outside of the circle to represent the Father in his winter solstice ceremony [see Reference 16].

    Mt. Krn to the north represents the great Father of the universe in a direct parallel to the Adriatic sea directly south, representing the great Mother. It is interesting that the peak of Mt. Krn is not visible from the stone circle and is a direct parallel to the Father being in secret in the story of Jesus.

    The feminine aspect of the creator is also called Earthly Mother, Isis, Mary, Cariadwen, Frigg, Lada, and id symbolized by waters in the story of Genesis. At Krn she is represented by the earth, the sea and the Soča river.

    A link between the Soča river and Krn Stone Circle is shown through an alignment of the shortest distance between them occurring in the direction of winter solstice sunset. The same type of alignment exists in Majorville Medicine Wheel and Stonehenge, although in both sites it is sunrise on winter solstice that is aligned to the closest point of the Bow and Avon rivers, respectively.

    The other sunset alignment at Krn Stone Circle is to the northern platform.

    Traditionally this sunset is celebrated three days after winter solstice as Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve. This is the celebration of the midnight sun:

    … Jesus is said to have been born at midnight the night before on what is known as Christmas Eve, which is traditionally celebrated with a Midnight Mass. This birth symbolizes the birth of the spiritual Son within a person. It is the celebration of the midnight sun, which is when the sun is born into the time of greatest darkness (our greatest psychological darkness), before it begins to “grow” [see Reference 17].

    ~Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, The Path of the Spiritual Sun

    REFERENCES

    1. Jamnik, Pavel, Najdišče in Opis Kamenega Orodja ter Prazgodovinske Lončenine ob Kamnitem Krogu Pod Krnom, V: J. Bizjak, Ostaline megalitske kulture v slovenskih Alpah ali Odmevi megalitske kulture v slovenski krajini in v njenem kulturnem izročilu. Kulturna dediščina Julijskih Alp, št. 1. Bled: Inštitut Alpe, Celje: Društvo Mohorjeva družba, pp. 71-74

    2. Turk, Matija et. Al, Plano Mezolitsko najdišče na planini Pretovč, Arheološki vestnik, 56, 2005, pp. 37-47

    3. Franc Šturm, Petomočni sir in megalitski krog na planini Kuhinja, Accessed August 30th 2017, http://megalitskaslovenija.si/2016/11/01/petomocni-sir-in-megalitski-krog-na-planini-kuhinja/

    4. Pavel Jamnik, High-Altitude/Upland (Mesolithic) Sites Of Stone Tool Industries In The Soča Region, Goriški Letnik (Zbornik Goriškega muzeja) 37-38, 2013-2014, pp. 177 – 205

    5. Čar, J. 2013: Geološki pregled kroga pod Krnom. V: J. Bizjak, Ostaline megalitske kulture v slovenskih Alpah ali Odmevi megalitske kulture v slovenski krajini in v njenem kulturnem izročilu. Kulturna dediščina Julijskih Alp, št. 1. Bled: Inštitut Alpe, Celje: Društvo Mohorjeva družba, pp. 75–76.

    6. Ibid.

    7. Munih, Jože, Krog pod Krnom z Radiostezijskega in Geomantičnega Vidika, V: J. Bizjak, Ostaline megalitske kulture v slovenskih Alpah ali Odmevi megalitske kulture v slovenski krajini in v njenem kulturnem izročilu. Kulturna dediščina Julijskih Alp, št. 1. Bled: Inštitut Alpe, Celje: Društvo Mohorjeva družba, pp. 77-78

    8. Merz, Blanche, Points of Cosmic Energy (The C.W. Daniel Company, 1987)

    9. Munih, Jože, op. cit., pp. 77-78

    10. For an example of this dating technique see Freeman, Gordon R., Hidden Stonehenge (Watkins Publishing, 2012)

    11. Genesis 1:1-5, The Bible, Standard King James Version

    12. Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, The Path of the Spiritual Sun (Mystical Life Publications, 2016), p. 125

    13. The Gospel according to John 3:1-7, The Bible, New International Version

    14. Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, op. cit., p. 376

    15. Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, op. cit., p. 155

    16. Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, op. cit., p. 375

    17. Belsebuub with Angela Pritchard, op. cit., p. 374

    #20304

    Lucia
    Participant

    Thank you very much Aleks for your detailed research of this place; I think you have found as much as posible about it! 🙂 The alignments are very interesting, especially how everything points to the winter solstice.

    I also wanted to add that here in Slovenia, a group of us visited this circle this summer and personally, I was astounded by the energy of the whole area. It felt very pristine, quiet and “safe” somehow. A good video of the area and the majestic mountains surrounding it can be seen here:

    The circle is located on one of the highly located mountain platforms called “Planine”, which don’t contain any permanent dwellings except of some small farms specialised on cheese making (about few hundreds meters below the actual place with the circle). A different type of flora grows there as well, flowers and medicinal herbs that can not be found in the lower mountain locations. As Aleks mentioned, there are more circles scattered around the wider area, as well as a cave called Babja Jama that used to be a pre-Christian place of worship.

    Here is a picture of our group inside the Krn stone circle from this summer:

    krug_pod_krnom_small

     

    #20310

    Fotis
    Participant

    That’s a great overview about this place Alex. Thank you for all the research and for puting all the information together.

    In the beginning was a bit disappointed not to have any well know ancient monument in Slovenia but fortunately after research, asking and looking deeper… here you are. 🙂

    Been in Krn circle it felt nice to me too and prompted me to explore it further. This year another group will celebrate the winter solstice there. And it doesn’t feel completely right to me to join them but definitely, I wish I could sense how it is to celebrate there.

    #20312

    Karim
    Participant

    Thanks Alex I enjoyed taking my time to read that description of the site. I see you looked into it quite a bit and from different fronts, nice!

    I wondered if there was anything specifically that made you draw this conclusion or link to Mt. Krn. “Mt. Krn to the North represents the Great Father of the universe….” etc.

    It could possibly be an amazing thing to step into such a sacred site, where a space like that can become magically charged and otherworldy, at the time of the solstice sunrise.

    #20372

    aleksandr
    Participant

    Thanks for posting this amazing video. When a few of us went walking to Krn stone circle we actually passed along many of the same paths that the video showed. I recommend looking at towards the last third of the video for a panorama from Mt. Krn, which is breathtaking.

    Karim, I drew the conclusion because Mt. Krn is not only directly to the north, but is also a major mountain in the area. Its placement is very appropriate to symbolize the Father, who is related to the direction north as well as to the heavenly abode. The placement of the Adriatic Sea is also fitting of the Mother for similar reasons. Of course, I cannot prove it was done with that intent, however a growing number of correlations indicates planning, which is why I tried to look deeper into this site.

    In general I think that the landscape is an integral part of sacred sites and that ancient people chose location very carefully. It was a pleasant surprise during the writing of the article to find out that Mt. Krn and the Adriatic sea are so appropriately placed in relation to the stone circle.

    #20550

    Laura
    Participant

    Thank you for the deeply researched article Aleks. I enjoyed how thoroughly you had written it and it’s great you were able to get a permission to post those images and the diagram of the site. It has given me a new perspective of how meaningful its alignments are. The solstice alignment photos with the circle are amazing.

    I hadn’t known of those four megaliths inside the circle aligning with the four cardinal directions.

    The symbolism you describe is interesting, of Mt. Krn symbolizing the Father and the Adriatic sea the Mother. It makes sense to me that the ancient people were probably very aware and connected to the surrounding landscape and would have chosen a meaningful spot for their sacred sites.

    It would indeed be magical to be able to celebrate the winter solstice there. When we visited it in the summer, even as we were driving towards it in the valley I spotted the mountains as they felt/looked special and thought to myself, that must be Krn (though it looked so steep and vertical I couldn’t imagine how we were to get up there). The hike up to the circle from where we had to park was considerable and felt like a little pilgrimage. We kept going up and up towards the sky. It felt pleasant and peaceful there and of course it’s very beautiful all around.

    Below I’ve added a few images I took. The first two are at the circle looking at the mountains behind. The last one is the path down from the circle.

    IMG_4292

    IMG_4303

    IMG_4312

    #20879

    aleksandr
    Participant

    Hi Laura,

    These are beautiful photos. I do not feel that in the article I described enough the significance of Mt. Krn. Below is a quote from the website http://www.damjanleban.com that gives a fairer treatment of Mt. Krn:

    One of the biggest mountains of Julian Alps.

    Not exactly by altitude. But it is equal to his northern brothers by its relativ altitude, because the peak rises more than 2000 meters above Soca valley! Just a few peaks in Julian Alps boast with this.

    With a tipical and easy recognized shape it rises above other peaks in the Krn mountain group. This group somehow moved away from the other mountain grups of Julian Alps, it is placed farthest to the south and thus closest to the sea. Distance between Krn and Adriatic sea is only about 50 km (32 miles).

    And because of that Krn is biger then most of the other higher peaks by another characteristic – magnificant view. When the weather is fine it is possible to see beside Julian Alps also gulf of Triest, Furlania, Soca valley and Idrijca valley, horizon iz closed by Karavanke mountains and Kamnik Alps in the north-east, Sneznik and Ucka mountain in the south-east, Dolomite Alps in the west and Tauern Mts. in the north-west.

    Source: http://www.krn.damjanleban.com/index_ang.html

    <p style=”text-align: center;”>View of Julian Alps from top of Mt. Krn, copyright Aleksandr KlyashitskyView of Julian Alps from top of Mt. Krn, copyright Aleksandr Klyashitsky</p>
     
    <p style=”text-align: center;”>Mt. Krn top, copyright Aleksandr KlyashitskyMt. Krn top, copyright Aleksandr Klyashitsky</p>
     

    At the top of Mt. Krn are remains of World War I fortifications. The area was the location of a major battleground between Italy and Austria Hungary during WWI. It is part of the Isonzo Front. You can find WWI remains in most of the mountains as well as all over the land. Luckily, Krn Stone Circle went undamaged.
    <p style=”text-align: center;”>Mt. Krn World War I fortifications, copyright Aleksandr KlyashitskyMt. Krn World War I fortifications, copyright Aleksandr Klyashitsky</p>
     

    Mt. Krn World War I fortifications cave inside, copyright Aleksandr KlyashitskyMt. Krn World War I fortifications, copyright Aleksandr Klyashitsky

    The symbolism of Mt. Krn is, of course, my interpretation. I do not know enough of ancient peoples in the area to be able to say that with certainty.

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