In this article, archeoastronomers at the Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands (IAC) explain how they were able to demonstrate that several buildings in the ancient city of Petra in Jordan are aligned to celestial alignments such as the solstices and equinoxes. Their results were published in the Nexus Network Journal.
The results of their study showed that during certain times of the year, such as the winter solstice, the sun would highlight or align with some of the city’s most important buildings…
One of Belmonte’s most fascinating discoveries is tied to the winter solstice, which the Nabateans may have believed was related to the birth of their main god, Dushara, he said.
During the winter solstice in Petra, the setting sun creates effects of light and shadow around a sacred podium inside the monument known as Ad Deir, or the Monastery, where the Nabateans may have held religious festivities.~ Christine Dell’Amore on National Geographic