Blog News and Media Resources

Physicists Discovered That the Hologram of a Light Photon Forms a Sun Cross

sun cross new mexico usa

A pre-Columbian solar cross found at the Three Rivers petroglyph site in New Mexico, USA. Photo licensed from Alamy. Cropped.

templars cross

Cross Pattée. Created with public domain image found here.

A paper published in 2016 in Nature Photonics1 by the Faculty of Physics at the University of Warsaw, Poland, explained how a team of physicists discovered that the shape (or the hologram) of a single light photon (a minute particle of light) is that of a solar cross symbol.2

scepter of a templars grand master

A Knights Templar Grand Master’s scepter. Image by Fitamant [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons.

A graphic of this hologram can be seen here.

Today, variations of this particular sun cross symbol, where the four arms expand as they go outwards, are often associated with the Knights Templar or the Maltese orders of Europe, and it is therefore often known as a “Templars’ cross” or a “Maltese cross,” or as a “Cross Pattée / Formée.” Historically, however, this ancient symbol is known to have also been used in more remote times, for example by various cultures in ancient Mesopotamia and by the early Britons in Europe.
(L.A. Waddell, The Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots & Anglo-Saxons: Discovered by Phoenician & Sumerian Inscriptions in Britain by Pre-Roman Briton Coins & a Mass of New History (London: Williams & Norgate, Ltd., 1924), 294-295, 406.) It has also been found across the ocean in pre-Columbian petroglyphs in the USA.

maltese cross symbol

Left: ancient Mesopotamia, center: Spain, right: pre-Columbian USA.
Photo credits: LEFT: Photo by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Cropped. CENTER: Photo by GFreihalter [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Cropped. RIGHT: pre-Columbian USA. Photo licensed from Alamy.

early briton sun cross shaped like light photon

A sketch of a Bronze Age Briton amulet featuring this solar cross. Public domain image found in L.A. Waddell’s book The Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots & Anglo-Saxons.

The use of the solar cross as a religious symbol in antiquity was practically universal, and many variations of this ancient symbol can be found in nearly every culture and continent.3

Symbols have been used by practitioners of the ancient Religion of the Sun throughout time to encapsulate and express various universal principles, such as elements of the process of creation, the relationship between the movement of the earth and the sun, the spiritual path of the sun throughout the year, and so on. This study’s findings draw an interesting connection between the solar cross being the hologram of a unit of light and the Religion of the Sun being a religion of light.

A full description of this study’s findings can be found in a Cosmos Magazine article by Cathal O’Connell, titled “What shape are photons? Quantum holography sheds light”:

Read full article in Cosmos Magazine

  1. Radosław Chrapkiewicz, Michał Jachura, Konrad Banaszek, & Wojciech Wasilewski, “Hologram of a single photon.” July 18, 2016. Accessed September 29, 2017. 

  2. O’Connell, Cathal. “What shape are photons? Quantum holography sheds light.” Cosmos. July 20, 2016. Accessed September 08, 2017.

  3. “Cross,” The Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edition, 1910) volume 7, page 506. Accessed online on September 8, 2017 via

About the author

Jenny Belikov

Jenny Belikov is a researcher and practitioner of the ancient religion of the sun and the Managing Editor for The Spiritual Sun, where she also researches and writes about ancient sacred sites; spiritual texts and practices; the latest discoveries in archeology, archeoastronomy, and related sciences; as well as the exploration of various facets of the lost civilization of the sun.


  • That reminds me the experiment via cymatics with the mantra Om but also the sacred geometry we found in plants. It’s amazing that we can even find such symbols everywhere and like a fractal can be seen in micro as well in the universe, like the pentagram that forms Venus’ orbit.
    Thanks for bringing this up!

    • I also find it amazing that these sacred symbols can be shown to be literally part of the fabric of creation through science.

      It makes perfect sense, but it flies in the face of the idea the universe came about through random chance — an assumption that underpins a lot of conventional scientific doctrine.

      Imagine how much more science could do to advance true knowledge for the spiritual upliftment of the world if cosmic principles were better understood, more scientists were open-minded about spirituality, and spirituality was not divorced from this field of study.

  • Very interesting discovery! It is wonderful to hear about. I’m excited to see what the bleeding edge of science continues to come up with in the next 10-20 years as I can only imagine their discoveries will continue to lead credence to esoteric experience, others realms of existence and the reality of how the cosmos is put together as told through ancient spiritual traditions, like the ancient religion of the Sun.
    Thanks for finding this and sharing it with the community Jenny.

  • Very interesting find and amazing to know the cross shape of a light particle and spiritual significance.


  • Thanks Jenny for this great finder! It’s discoveries like these that give me goosebumps! To just see again and again how real and physical the religion of the sun is. How it can be found really in all we see and hear. Like the OM mantra makes 3 rings, and now the proton has been discovered to be in the shape of a cross patee, an ancient symbol used in many locations around the world…

    It just is so humbling to see, learn and know of this – and the realization that creation has encoded all of these symbols around us – some we can’t even see even though it is all around us.. It was more a feeling I had when I read about it than something I can put into words.. But in today’s language: this is so cool / amazing and really just mind blowing..!

  • What an incredible find Jenny! I always wondered about that particular cross design and why is was so special but this article paired with the incredible quote explains it and the amazing thing is that our ancient ancestors already knew this.

  • This sounds like magic to me 🙂 Beautiful magic. Maybe the deeper you look into things, the more magical life becomes.

  • It again just goes to show how everything seems to be linked in creation, I find it amazing how the early cultures seemed to be aware of this including the connections and power of these symbols which seem so obscure in todays society, thanks for sharing very interesting

  • Awesome!

    I find it interesting that scientists have to be extremely knowledgeable and use super advanced technology and complex processes, to arrive at this result – that seems to have been already known by our ancestors in the very distant past across the earth, who like Craig said, are only thought of as cave men by our society today.

    It’s amazing that when you go deep enough into matter using scientific technology, you actually seem to arrive at spiritual principles and symbols like here. And you could probably find this out and much more about it in the astral plane using spiritual techniques, with similar spiritual effort and dedication. But it’s really nice that science does start to stumble upon something undeniably spiritual when they go deep enough.

  • What an interesting publication! The cross is particularly beautiful and looks very esoteric. I particularly like the image given on Cosmos Magazine website because it shows that light is not uniform on the cross – it is stronger in the middle (bright yellow) than at the edges (dark red).

    On another note I looked into the actual publication on Nature, where the abstract is shown free of charge. I found it sad to see that the context of research seems to be entirely centered around materialistic pursuits.

  • This was such an interesting study to read. It’s amazing that science has now confirmed this solar cross symbol is quite literally a representation of light, and that so many ancient cultures have used it to represent light. Really fills you with wonder to consider the different layers of meaning that a symbol like this can contain.

  • I found it amazing to see the almost identical crosses lined up like that spanning Mesopotamia, Spain, and North America. A composite image like that makes a very powerful point.

    And then to see the same thing repeated within nature itself – as the shape of a particle of light, no less…

    It’s pretty incredible and also gives you a certain awe at the knowledge these ancient cultures could have had.

  • Interesting connection there Jenny.

    You’d wonder how these ancient peoples all over the world knew of such patterns and symbols? I mean to a degree similar symbols and shapes are found in the visible part of nature. But many of these patterns of solar symbols are too distinctly chosen, too specific, as well as occurring too numerously in place and time around the globe, for them to be merely coincidental nature worship (or something?), yet they connect to universal fabrics found in creation.

    • That’s a good question. On some level, we contain the same information within ourselves, and I think we intuitively gravitate towards certain symbols, like stars and crosses. I think most children go through phases of drawing shapes over and over again. On the other hand, there are symbols shown in the astral that can explain and expand upon that sense. It’s interesting that they’re so similar, it makes me wonder what the significance is of one version of a cross or symbol vs another.

  • Wow! That’s simply beautiful, and deeply profound. I love it when these spiritual principles are stumbled on by science! (I wonder exactly what it would take for some people to finally concede that there’s more to life than the material world?!) It makes me think of how the pattern of the absolute (concentric circles) has been found too in the ‘microwave background’ (or something similar).

    Thanks for sharing. I think I’ve finally found inspiration for the solar cross-symbol I’d like 😉

Leave a Comment

Data submitted via this comment form is collected and processed on the basis of legitimate interests that enable us to provide our services and which benefit the users of those services. Please view our privacy policy for more information.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!

Send this to a friend