The following passage comes from the third part of the 12th book of the Hindu epic The Mahabharata called the Moksha Dharma Parva. In this section, spiritual advice is given to King Yudhishthira by various wise sages and elders, after his forces were victorious in the great Kurukṣetra War.
Moksha means spiritual liberation, dharma refers to the divine law, while parva means book. Thus the book the Moksha Dharma Parva covers themes on how to live alignment with spiritual principles and attain spiritual liberation.
The following extract explains that there are different states of mind someone can have while they are awake – which are those connected with Goodness, Passion, or Darkness. It says people also have these same three states of mind while dreaming, and that their state of mind in dreams is determined by whatever their state of mind was while they were awake. So for example, if someone were to be angry while awake, they would be angry in their dreams. It says that one can see their states of mind transition – from thoughts had while awake into their dreams – when they are falling asleep and waking up from sleep, by being in a state of consciousness called “dreamless slumber.” This is a state in which a person sleeps without dreaming, which is to remain lucid and conscious while the body falls asleep and sleeps.
During wakefulness there are three states of the mind, viz., that connected with Goodness, that with Passion, and that with Darkness. In dream also the mind becomes concerned with the same three states… Happiness, success, knowledge, and absence of attachment are the indications of (the wakeful man in whom is present) the attribute of Goodness. Whatever states (of Goodness, Passion, or Darkness) are experienced by living creatures, as exhibited in acts, during their hours of Wakefulness, reappear in memory during their hours of sleep when they dream. The passage of our notions as they exist during wakefulness into those of dreams, and that of notions as they exist in dreams into those of wakefulness, become directly apprehensible in that state of consciousness which is called dreamless slumber. That is eternal, and that is desirable.
~ The Mahabharata, Book 12: Santi Parva: Mokshadharma Parva: Section CCLXXV (Translation by K.M. Ganguli) 1
Please note, more practice excerpts will be added as and when we find them. Featuring a passage from a text does not mean we can vouch for the entire contents of a text. Jenny Resnick, Jordan Resnick, Justin Norris, and Vida Norris contributed writing or research to this article.
Kisari Mohan Ganguli (translator), The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Book 12: Santi Parva: Mokshadharma Parva, (published between 1883 and 1896), http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/maha/