Article by Matthew Osmund.
The Religion of the Sun is the world’s oldest religion, once practiced by a global civilization that arose at the end of the last ice age but was lost to history, and by other lost civilizations stretching even further back in time that were pre-ice age. It views the sun as the outward manifestation of the spiritual sun—an embodiment of the divine source of creation and symbol of higher consciousness—and understands its annual cycle through the solstices and equinoxes to allegorically show the path to enlightenment. This is why the ancient practitioners of this religion aligned their sacred sites and ceremonies to the sun’s path with such precision.
Over time the global civilization of the sun fragmented, but many of its principles lived on in ancient religions and cultures that either descended from it, or revived the spiritual knowledge that underpinned it. These principles are timeless and part of life – that’s why they’re imbued in creation in the movements of the cosmos – and have been revived and re-given in many ways and forms over time according to local conditions.
Below are replies to commonly asked questions about the Religion of the Sun, answering queries about its origins, principles, worldview, how it’s practiced and more. Click on a question from the list below to see its answer.
Frequently Asked Questions
The Religion of the Sun traces back to a distant time, before recorded history. Similar stories recorded by the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Sumer and India, all tell of an ancient sun-oriented dynasty ruled by divine kings that reigned in the distant past, referred to as the “sun dynasty” in Hindu mythology.1 Their literature even lists the divine kings who ruled it, going back as far as 39,500BC.2
The descriptions suggest this ancient dynasty may have ruled Atlantis. Ancient accounts point to this lost kingdom being a highly advanced civilization of sun worshipers. The island nation is said to have sunk in a catastrophe coinciding with the end of the last ice age about 11,500 years ago,34 when melting ice caps caused sea levels to rise dramatically5 and gave rise to flooding, leaving many coastal regions submerged.6 Afterwards, it appears that survivors of a lost civilization, who were accomplished sea-farers, set sail to re-seed the Religion of the Sun worldwide, along with the knowledge of civilization, such as agriculture, masonry and writing.7 The coming of these wisdom bringers by sea is recorded in remarkably similar legends and oral traditions around the world.
These common seaborne origins explain why there are many similarities in the myths and beliefs of many of the world’s great ancient civilizations and religions, despite the often vast geographical separation between them. It was these ancient seafarers who were the founders of the Religion of the Sun in the period of history after the great flood remembered in several world mythologies.
Ancient Egyptian, Sumerian and Indian mythology all share a common story of a wisdom bringer, accompanied by seven sages, who survived the great flood on a ship and made landfall to bring spiritual knowledge to the world anew, along with seeds and animals suitable for agriculture, and the knowledge of civilization.
In ancient Egyptian accounts the sages were led by creator deities like Horus and Thoth.8 In Hindu accounts they were led by Manu, known as the “lawgiver” who is aided by the deity Vishnu.9 And in Sumerian mythology it is Ziusudra helped by the deity Enki,10 who in some accounts also sends seven “apkallu” to help spread civilization.11 All sources agree these sea-faring wisdom-bringers set out after catastrophic flooding in order to re-initiate civilization and the Religion of the Sun. The global rise in sea levels and flooding that occurred at the end of the last ice age, around 11,500 years ago when ice caps melted, may be the source of this ancient flood mythology preserved in many cultures.1213
There are striking similarities in other mythologies too. Old European pagan legends recount the arrival of the Germanic deity Odin or Wotan, described as a tall, distinguished bearded man, while central and South American cultures chronicle the coming of a tall, blue-eyed bearded wisdom bringer variously called Viracocha, Quetzalcoatl or Votan depending on the region.14 These Mesoamerican descriptions not only match each other, but are strikingly similar to descriptions of Odin and Wotan in Europe. This suggests all of these figures could have been the same person, or remnants of the same advanced lost culture pursuing similar missions.
The Edfu inscriptions in Egypt describe these wisdom-bringers as coming from a lost civilization that fits the description of Atlantis, the island nation said to have submerged in a great flood.15 (The Azores, which are nine volcanic islands situated beyond the Pillars of Hercules in the Atlantic Ocean – the location given for Atlantis by Plato – may be its remnants). In Sumer and Central and South America these figures are typically depicted as carrying a strange bag like object – this likeness is carved into the megaliths of Göbekli Tepe, which has been dated to 9,500 BC16 – a date coinciding with the end of the last ice age and the date Plato gives for the destruction of Atlantis.
An ancient center point for this knowledge in the early post-deluge period seems to have been Egypt and Mesopotamia, with regional centers also cropping up all around the world as part of a global civilization of the sun, linked by sea travel. The Indo European peoples who took up this knowledge appear to have had an active role in spreading it through Eurasia, India, Western Europe, Western China and even North America and New Zealand.
Over time this global civilization fragmented into different parts, but various cultures descended from the lost civilization of the sun carried the knowledge on in some form.
The sun and stars are the greatest source of light and life in the universe. However, the ancient practitioners of the Religion of the Sun understood that the physical manifestation of the sun and stars has a corresponding spiritual one, and centered their religion around its spiritual aspect (rather than its physical one, as some mistakenly believe). The light of this spiritual sun pervades and sustains everything in the universe, and is the visible manifestation of the source of creation.
This aspect of the source, made visible and manifest to our senses, also correlates to a higher aspect of consciousness, which is referred to as the Spiritual Son.
This Spiritual Son was often portrayed as a divine son and hero, as ancient peoples would often personify divine forces as deities or gods. Like the sun, this deity went through major life events at the four main annual stages of the sun, called the solstices and equinoxes. For instance, Horus (ancient Egypt), Hu Gadarn (Druid), Mithras (Persia), and Jesus (Gnostic Christian), were all celebrated as being born at the winter solstice, and Jesus, Osiris (ancient Egypt), Orpheus (Thracian), and Hun Hunhapu (Maya) were celebrated as resurrecting at the spring equinox.17
While some of these figures may have been allegorical, others, like Jesus, were real people who had a mission to enact the path of the Spiritual Son/sun, which is the path to return to source, in the events of their lives.
On a macrocosmic scale, the Spiritual Son is an aspect of the source that manifests within creation. However, as the structure of consciousness follows that of creation, on a microcosmic scale, the Spiritual Son is also an aspect of each person’s higher Being/consciousness that they can reunite with/incarnate.18
This aspect of each person’s higher Being serves as a bridge between heaven and earth, offering the potential for spiritual deliverance by reconciling human consciousness with its higher parts,19 just as the sun’s light acts as the bridge between our senses and the perception of the source.20 This is why the figures representing the Spiritual Son (also sometimes referred to as the Christ) were so often called a savior.21
Ancient practitioners understood that the sun’s annual journey portrays the journey to enlightenment (called the path of the spiritual sun), and that the solstices and equinoxes represent this journey’s major stages. This is why the deities symbolizing the Spiritual Son experienced major life events at these times. It’s also why ancient practitioners aligned their sacred sites to these solar events and incorporated spiritual symbols into them, with such accuracy and dedication.22
Although “sun worship” is often viewed as a primitive form of nature worship, those who venerated the spiritual sun, understood the profound mysteries of creation, and how its principles are intrinsically found in the natural world. In the ancient Religion of the Sun, the sun embodied the divinity people sought to reunite with.
The stars create the elements everything is made from, including us.2324 Additionally, all matter contains the energy of the sun, which the ancients called “prana” and which manifests as the element of fire existing within everything.25 This is why fire was also venerated, as it is the energy of the sun, and to this day holds an important place in many religions influenced by the Religion of the Sun.
Science now accepts that there are parallel dimensions,26 and so it follows that the sun also has higher dimensional parts. The origins of the sun and stars trace back even beyond the dimensions to the source of them, which is the divine source of creation, described in many ancient texts as ultimately immeasurable, indefinable, and incomprehensible.
The ancient Hindus, Sumerians, Egyptians, Gnostic Christians, Inca, and Maya, all referred to themselves as the “Children of the Sun” or “Children of Light.” The sun and stars were understood not only as being the source of material creation, but also of the spark of spiritual light we each carry within—our eternal self.27
Light is spiritual in its nature, and the light of the sun is the source of all the different qualities and forms of light, all indescribably beautiful and containing heavenly qualities, such as love, peace, joy, happiness, wisdom, compassion, harmony, etc. It is by cultivating light within, that these qualities are increased and attained.
Here are just a few quotes from ancient texts illustrate the understanding of the spiritual nature of the sun:
Behold the nature of man. Within him is a spark from the Divine Source and this is the Lord of the Body. This alone is everlasting, this alone of man is his true self… As the sun gives light and fire spreads heat, as the flower radiates perfume, so does the Central Light give forth a vaporous unseeable glow… From The One comes the Sacred Glow in its two aspects, which men call the Breath of God, and from this are made all things which are in Heaven and Earth.
~ from the Teaching of Yosira in the Kolbrin
The sun gives light and life to all who live,
East and west, north and south, above, below;
It is the prana of the universe.
The wise see the Lord of Love in the sun,
Rising in all its golden radiance
To give its warmth and light and life to all.
The wise see the Lord of Love in the year,
Which has two paths, the northern and the southern.
Those who observe outward forms of worship
And are content with personal pleasures
Travel after death by the southern path,
The path of the ancestors and of rayi,
To the lunar world, and are born again.
But those who seek the Self through meditation,
Self-discipline, wisdom, and faith in God
Travel after death by the northern path,
The path of prana, to the solar world,
Supreme refuge, beyond the reach of fear
And free from the cycle of birth and death.
~ The Prashna Upanishad, translated by Eknath Easwaran28
That which is Brahman [the source of creation] is light; that which is light is the Sun. This Sun was identical with Om; it divided itself into three parts, for Om consists of three mātrās. ‘By these are woven the warp and woof of all things, and this am I,’ thus He [Brahman] speaks…
The king… went… to the northern path. There is here no going by any by-way. This is the path to Brahman. Bursting open the door of the sun, he departed by the upward path. On this point the sages declare;
Endless are the rays of that soul which abides like a lamp in the heart… One of these rises upward which pierces the orb of the sun; by this, having passed beyond the world of Brahman, they attain to the supreme abode…
Therefore yonder adorable Sun is the cause of creation, of heaven, and of emancipation…”
~ The Maitrāyaṇīya Upanishad, translated by E. B. Cowell29
The primary deities of the Religion of the Sun are the divine trinity of Spiritual Father, Spiritual Mother, and Spiritual Son, which have been portrayed in many ancient teachings. This trinity has been personified as various gods and goddesses in order to explain it, however, it is not an actual set of entities or separate beings.
The three primary forces of creation
On a macrocosmic level, the trinity represents the three primary forces of creation—found as the three types of energy that underlie all creation: namely positive, negative, and neutral.30 The source of the trinity is often described as incomprehensible, as it is beyond creation, and has been termed “God,” the “Tao,” “Brahman,” and “the Absolute.” This trinity of forces are aspects of the creator, manifest within creation, and have been allegorized in many creation stories in which the source is said to create through the duality of masculine and feminine energies which give rise to a divine son.
“Tao produced Unity; Unity produced Duality; Duality produced Trinity; and Trinity produced all existing objects.”
~ The Tao Te Ching, Translated by Lionel Giles31
This trinity of forces emanating from the source of creation are represented by the symbol of three concentric rings, a recurring symbol of the Religion of the Sun found across the world. The outer ring represents the Spiritual Son, the middle ring the Spiritual Mother and the inner ring the Spiritual Father. Scientists have discovered this symbol present in the microwave background of the universe – the cosmic glow present everywhere from the creation of the universe.32
The physical sun most specifically represents the Spiritual Son of this trinity – as the “son of the creator/source” and the light of divinity made manifest to our senses – who in mythology has been represented by various solar deities and divine savior figures, often born of a divine earthly Mother and heavenly Father.
Higher aspects of consciousness
In the Religion of the Sun, this divine trinity in also understood to exist on a personal level. The old adage “as above, so below”33 reflects the understanding that parts of the universe reflect the whole, and similar patterns repeat at different scales – for example, the structure of a solar system is like that of an atom.34 Therefore, each spark of spiritual consciousness emanating from the source is held to structure itself according to the structure of the universe – in the image and likeness of its creator.35
Thus each person has their own personal Spiritual Father, Mother and Son, which exist as higher aspects of their own Being – their higher consciousness. The spiritual trinity of the Being guides its human part which is sent to live in a physical body and the duality of the material world to learn and gain knowledge.36
Again, these are not separate beings, but distinct parts of each person’s Being, just as they operate as distinctive energies in the universe, yet are essentially part of the same whole and a manifestation of the same source.
So in the Religion of the Sun, the sun also represents the Spiritual Son/Sun of a person’s Being37 – the neutral aspect of their higher consciousness that brings spiritual salvation.38 The Spiritual Son serves as a bridge between heaven and earth, reconciling and reconnecting the consciousness each person carries within with divinity. This is why “divine son” figures who represent this in various mythologies are often regarded as a savior.39
Those who have walked the path of the spiritual sun (the path to source), and reunited with the higher parts of their consciousness/Being, move onto higher levels of existence/dimensions after death. These awakened Beings have often been referred to as angels, devas, and gods. They perform roles in the higher dimensions where they help administer creation. Some choose to return to the source, while others choose to remain in the duality of creation in order to continue their learning and perform missions, like Jesus and the wisdom bringers who initiated the Religion of the Sun.
Communion and practice rather than worship
Practitioners of the Religion of the Sun don’t necessarily “worship” particular deities in a traditional sense, but recognize the existence of the three forces of creation, the higher parts of their own Being, and the existence of awakened Beings, and seek to commune with and receive guidance from them through prayer, dreams/out-of-body experiences, ceremony, celebrations, and spiritual practice.
In the Religion of the Sun, the purpose of life is to reunite with the trinity of one’s own higher Being (explained above), so that a person reintegrates with their Spiritual Son, Mother and Father, and then returns with complete and awakened consciousness to the source of creation – with knowledge and wisdom gained from the experience of life.40
The first duty of man is to know himself and to reflect upon his destiny, to become aware of his soul.
~ unknown author in the Kolbrin
Earth and human life serve as the means to fulfill this purpose by providing the varied and often difficult circumstances that someone can choose to learn from, and which are also used to test their true nature.
Life has two purposes only: to test and teach, and for that Earth is perfect.
~ Jesus in the Gospel of the Kailedy
By carrying out the core practices found in the Religion of the Sun, someone is able to use the potential human life and having a human body offers to its fullest extent—harnessing the powers of creation and the psyche in order to transform themselves spiritually.
At the core of the Religion of the Sun is recognizing divinity as a trinity of the Spiritual Father, Mother, and Son. The most ancient traditions and mythologies that descended from the civilization of the sun retained this understanding in some form, but in later times it was often distorted to various degrees. In some religions the recognition of a Mother Goddess was obscured, suppressed, distorted, or lost altogether for example.
There are also certain faiths with no connection to the Religion of the Sun as they are not based on its spiritual principles. For example, some are centered around rigid monotheistic worldviews that do not include or explicitly reject the existence of a Spiritual Son/savior as an aspect of divinity, or the recognition that divinity can have different roles and parts.
Examples of civilizations which carried on this knowledge in some form include: the ancient Egyptians; the Sumerians in Mesopotamia, the Celts and Druids of Europe, the Indo-Europeans (Aryans) throughout Eurasia and India, where the Vedic Civilization developed into the religion of Hinduism – which once extended beyond the subcontinent throughout South East Asia (as sites like Angkor Wat show). The knowledge was also widespread in the Americas, being retained in some way by Mesoamerican cultures like the Mayans, and the mysterious ancient cultures of South America known as “the surveyors” who built sites like the Nazca Lines, and the lost culture of Machu Picchu. In North America it was carried by now extinct cultures like the Anasazi, sophisticated builders of Chaco Canyon and Mesa Verde settlements, and the enigmatic builders of the astronomically aligned mounds, cairns, stone chambers, dolmen and monoliths which are spread across the North American continent, yet hardly known about.4142
Seafaring descendants of the Religion of the Sun spread it far and wide across the sea, with signs of its presence on the far flung Easter Island, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic (the Guanches people) and also New Zealand in the South Pacific, just to give some examples.
Some of these cultures lost the knowledge over time – in some cases their religion devolved into more simplistic beliefs about the afterlife, as happened in later periods of Egyptian society.43 In other cases the cultures degenerated into violence or were conquered and replaced by a violent culture that co-opted their sacred sites for barbaric practices – as happened to the Mayan sites in Mesoamerica given over to blood rituals and human sacrifice (which is completely against the Religion of the Sun). In other instances they were replaced by new cultures which either converted or conquered them or persecuted and drove them away.
Because the core principles of the Religion of the Sun are innate to life – being literally in-built to creation such that they’re signalled in the sky by the sun’s annual passage – this spiritual knowledge has been revived, or been given completely anew by spiritually advanced persons, in times and places where it’s been absent or lost, in different ways and forms according to local conditions. The core spiritual principles and practices have been expressed, recovered, and re-given in many different forms throughout history. For example, Jesus also taught the principles of the Religion of the Sun, even though he did not hark from the lost civilization directly (however he may have spent years of his life studying and teaching in places that did, such as in India amongst the Hindus, in Britain with the Druids, and in Egypt). This becomes clearer when his more secret teachings, which were left out of the Bible by the Church, are studied.44
The Religion of the Sun has hundreds, if not thousands of sacred places that appear in almost every single part of the world. These are the ancient sites that were built by the practitioners of the Religion of the Sun in the distant past going back hundreds or thousands of years—perhaps even tens of thousands in some cases. They are sites that align to the solstice or equinox, and where there is evidence that the principles of the Religion of the Sun were understood and practiced.
This is a list of them by region and country (although it is a work in progress): Sacred Sites Listed by Location and Alignment.
They include the Great Pyramids of Egypt, the statues on Easter Island, the ancient city of Arkaim in Russia, Tiwanaku in Bolivia, Newgrange in Ireland, the city of Chaco Canyon and the Serpent Mound in the United States, and many other lesser known sites.
Wherever the ancient Religion of the Sun took root, its practitioners built impressive and sophisticated sacred sites aligned to the solstices and equinoxes and other celestial bodies they held sacred, such as the constellation of Orion. They used advanced astronomy, geometry, tools and engineering techniques to build these impressive structures, which in most cases were megalithic (using giant stones) or built with smaller stones using intricate masonry techniques.
They often built outdoor sacred sites with a full open view of the sun and stars in the form of sacred circle arrangements, the most well-known example being the Stonehenge megalithic site in the UK. However, they also built pyramids, temples, cairns, dolmens and mounds and other structures.45 Their solar alignments were either visible from within the structures – with a solstice or equinox sunrise or sunset lining up with an opening, corridor46 or window of the structure47 — or were designed to have alignments that were visible when looking at the structure externally on these dates48 (and in some cases both). The natural features of the surrounding environment were often incorporated into their designs and alignments – some sites were built to align to a direct view of the solstice sunrise breaking between a natural gap between two distant mountains, or through a natural window in a rock formation for example. Sometimes, entire townships were built with solar and stellar alignments in mind.49
In certain cases, it may be possible for modern practitioners to gather at an ancient site to celebrate the solstices and equinoxes like their ancestors did. However, people can also construct their own sites based on the same principles used in the past – such as a sacred circle aligned to the sun – and setup simple altars in their own homes for personal practice.
The most sacred days of the Religion of the Sun are the four major points of the solar year: the autumn equinox, winter solstice, spring equinox and summer solstice.
Astronomically, they mark four equidistant points in the cycle of the sun through the calendar year, and indicate the change in the seasons. The winter solstice is when the sun descends to its lowest and shortest daily arc in the year, and the nights are longer than the day, while at the summer solstice it reaches its highest arc and the days are longer than night. The two equinoxes are the mid points between the solstices when day and night are exactly equal in length. After the autumn equinox the darkness begins to increase, while after the spring equinox the light begins to increase.
These solar events have a deeper spiritual significance in the Religion of the Sun. The annual cycle of the sun through the solstices and equinoxes is held to convey the principles of creation and enlightenment.50 Each of these solar events has its own distinct spiritual meaning:
- The autumn equinox is the point from which night becomes longer than daylight, and thus darkness becomes greater than light in the year. It represents the principles of inner death and descent, which is the descent into the darkness of the subconscious (symbolized by the darkness following the autumn equinox and descent of the sun) in order to eliminate the egos like greed, hatred, envy, and lust within it. This is both a practice called elimination of the egos, and also a principle that occurs throughout the path of the spiritual sun (toward enlightenment), as well as a specific stage on it that occurs before the birth of the Spiritual Son within at the winter solstice. It works on the understanding that all things must die before they can be born, all things must descend before they can ascend, and that light and knowledge are extracted from darkness e.g. suffering, hardships, and difficulties in life.51
- The winter solstice marks the annual turning point from which the sun’s light begins to increase from out of the darkest time of year. It represents the principle of inner spiritual birth and creation. This is both a practice called spiritual alchemy in which spiritual parts are created (given birth to) within, a principle that occurs throughout the path of the spiritual sun (toward enlightenment), as well as a specific stage on it when the part of one’s higher being called the Spiritual Son is born within. This has been symbolized as the birth of many solar deities around the world.52
- The spring equinox is the turning point from which the day becomes longer than night, and thus light becomes greater than darkness in the year. It represents the principle of self-sacrifice/selflessness. This is both a practice that involves helping others spiritually, and also a principle that occurs throughout the path of the spiritual sun in which what is inferior is sacrificed to gain what is superior (e.g. the pleasure derived from bad actions is given up in order to feel states such as inner peace), as well as a specific stage upon it in which someone sacrifices their self-image and lower nature, in order to attain spiritual resurrection—which is the attainment of spiritual immortality and the reunion with the higher part of one’s Being called the Spiritual Mother. This is why many solar deities were celebrated as having resurrected at the spring equinox.53
- The summer solstice is the time of greatest light in the year and when the sun rises to its highest point. It represents spiritual ascension – the attainment of salvation, the reunion with the Spiritual Father, and the return to the divine source of creation.54 (the core practices section explains these principles further)
These holy days are set by the sun. Because they are equidistant and repeat in a cycle every year, together they form the basis for the symbol of the solar cross and swastika, found in many cultures where this knowledge survived.
Because the sun’s path, and the seasons, are opposite in each hemisphere, the holy days are also opposite in each hemisphere. So when it’s the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, it’s the winter solstice in the southern hemisphere and vice versa. Likewise, when it’s the autumn equinox in the southern hemisphere it’s the spring equinox in the northern hemisphere. (Check local dates here)
- Christmas is another holy day in the religion of the sun which is celebrated three days after the winter solstice. This is the first day the sun appears to visibly ascend in its daily position after reaching its lowest point at the winter solstice. The winter solstice celebrates the birth of the Spiritual Son/sun in creation, while Christmas celebrates the birth of someone’s own Spiritual Son/sun within them. In the northern hemisphere the winter solstice usually falls on 22nd December while Christmas is on or around the 25th of December – the same date figures like Jesus, Horus, Mithras and Dionysus were born. In the southern hemisphere Christmas usually falls on the 24th of June, the same day the Incas celebrate Inti Raymi, which means “sun festival.”55
These holy days are celebrated with ceremony and spiritual practice. Ceremonies typically involve an outdoor sacred space, like a stone circle that is either created for the event, or at an existing ancient site. However, they can be modified so that they can be practiced at home, indoors, and by a small group or even one sole participant.56 Depending on the occasion, the ceremony is conducted at either sunrise, sunset, or both. For example, the winter solstice ceremony is conducted at sunrise on the day of the winter solstice.
These ceremonies enact principles relevant to the meaning of the day, and incorporate symbols, readings, mantras, and movements from ancient sources that have a connection to the Religion of the Sun. Participants take different roles, usually representing the primary forces of divinity and creation, like the Spiritual Father, Mother, and Son. So for example, a female participant often represents the Spiritual Mother by dressing as a Mother goddess from a tradition related to the Religion of the Sun, and enacting things in the ceremony that are related to her spiritual role.
These ceremonies are very similar to those practiced in ancient times—for instance the Druids are recorded as having conducted similar ceremonies, which were like plays that represented the meaning of the relevant solstice or equinox.57 The aim of these ceremonies is to allow the participants to understand and experience the deeper meaning of the occasion.
During holy days, and the days surrounding them, people may gather to sing songs relevant to the occasion, take time to do spiritual practices, such as mantras and being in the present moment in nature to perceive the energies present at that time of year, and generally reflect on the meaning of the event.
We use sacred texts from various traditions that convey principles of the Religion of the Sun. They include Hindu, Taoist, Gnostic Christian, Hermetic, ancient Egyptian, and other sources. The list isn’t final – we continue to add more as they’re found. Many ancient texts are very obscure, so there’s probably more yet to be recognized or that haven’t been translated yet.
Many of these texts are written symbolically, in a style meant for another time and for a people initiated in this knowledge. This can make them difficult to understand today; nevertheless, they do contain very useful and inspiring teachings.
Unlike some other religions, we don’t cling to ancient scripture as immutable and infallible. We recognize that however divinely inspired a text might be or how enlightened and knowledgeable its authors, texts are still written and copied by fallible people so it’s possible – even likely – for mistakes or distortions to exist.
It’s also worth keeping in mind that spiritual texts conveying historical or legendary events tend to describe the social realities of the time and place they occurred in. Just because a text records and describes how things were back then, it doesn’t mean a spiritual figure living and teaching in that period endorses all social conventions of that culture and period (in fact, spiritual figures often challenge social conventions, as Jesus clearly did). Furthermore, texts are copied and recopied again and again (and sometimes deliberately added to, interpolated, and changed) over the centuries, and some were written down from oral traditions, hundreds or even thousands of years after they originated. It’s unlikely that any ancient text around today reflects its original form with absolute fidelity.
Recognizing these realities, we compile texts which on the whole retain and convey important aspects of this knowledge with enough clarity to make them useful and inspiring for spiritual study today, but we may not endorse everything in every ancient text we recommend.
That we all come from the same source – the source of everything (often called God or the Absolute). The universe was created by three primary forces that emerged from the source which are the divine trinity of the Spiritual Father (positive), Mother (negative) and Son (neutral) – which pervade and maintain creation.
The universe was created to be dualistic. Without the existence of love’s opposite, which is hatred, choosing to live spiritually would have little meaning or merit because there would be no temptation or possibility to do otherwise. The contrast darkness provides allows light to standout and be seen, appreciated and understood for what it is, including the light within. The opposition darkness provides allows real virtue, wisdom and conscious love to be attained, and for Beings to become self-aware of their source and nature.58
Each individual Being is a spark from the source. On emerging, each divides in accordance with the universe’s triparted organization, separating into male and female parts which then create a son, forming the trinity of the Being. So the divine trinity exists at both cosmic and personal levels.59
After dividing into its three primary parts, each Being sends a smaller part of itself into matter – human consciousness – to learn and acquire knowledge and self-awareness of its own existence, of good and evil, in order to consciously understand its own nature of light. This human aspect of consciousness, called “the essence,” enters into a cycle of lives and reincarnates again and again, to learn and gain experience, with the consequences of its prior actions (karma) affecting the circumstances it faces in its future existence after a life ends.
The cycle includes different stages: the essence starts living as simple organisms and is reborn in more and more complex ones to prepare it, until finally reaching the human state, when it’s granted a number of human lives to attain salvation.
Throughout this process it creates inner states called “egos.” At first these are basic states needed for survival, such as the fear of predators. They allow animals to survive and reproduce, but in human state are there to be learnt from by being understood and removed/eliminated, and replaced with greater consciousness. However, many prefer these animalistic states to those of consciousness, and develop their ego states further.
If, after many lives an essence becomes irredeemably corrupt or wastes all of its chances, and does not repent, it devolves into the underworld or hell – a lower dimension of life depicted in many world mythologies (this region is called “hel” in Norse mythology,60 “naraka” in Indian religions,61 “tartarus” in ancient Greece,62 “duat” in ancient Egypt, “diyu” in Chinese mythology,63 “xibalba” in Mayan beliefs,64 and “kur” in ancient Sumerian, just to give a few examples) and recounted in many near-death experiences. This descent is not eternal but is for learning. It forces the essence to endure, experience and suffer the consequences of its actions, so that it learns from its mistakes. It also purges a person of their egos (the inner darkness of greed, hatred, envy, lust, etc. which are the cause of sin and suffering) so that the essence of a person is eventually cleansed. It then begins a new cycle of lives all over again, with more experience and knowledge than before.
Because this is a cycle that keeps turning, this process has been referred to as the wheel of life, which turns upwards towards spiritual evolution and then downwards towards into devolution and repeats again and again.65
An essence remains bound to this cycle until it has learned enough from the experience of darkness and matter and is ready to fulfill the purpose of existence, which is to reunite with the trinity of the Being and return whole to the source of creation awakened and self-realized.66 This is what terms like enlightenment, liberation and salvation mean in their deepest sense.
The sun’s annual cycle through the solstices and equinoxes is held to represent this process of awakening, with the physical sun representing the Spiritual Son of someone’s higher Being, which, as the neutral intermediary aspect of divinity, brings salvation by freeing a person from inner darkness and reconciling them with divinity.67 It is not possible to reach the Spiritual Mother and Father and return to the source without being saved by the Son.6869
This is illustrated by the symbol of three concentric rings, a common symbol in the ancient Religion of the Sun, which represents the trinity. The outer ring, representing the Spiritual Son, must be reached before it’s possible to reach the Spiritual Mother and Spiritual Father, represented by the middle and inner ring respectively. Only after merging with all three and becoming whole can a Being return to the source of creation, represented by “the dot of the innermost ring, symbolizing unity.”
The Spiritual Son/sun has been represented by divine son savior figures and heroic solar deities in various traditions (such as Horus, Christ, Krishna, Mithras), whose lives often correlate with the path of the sun (being born at the winter solstice for example) and also illustrate the path to enlightenment.70 The yellow/golden light of the physical sun also represents the Spiritual Son, as this is the aspect of the sun’s light visible to our senses on earth – and the Spiritual Son is the divine mediator between heaven and earth.71 This is why spiritual figures like Jesus are often shown with a yellow halo and Krishna, an embodiment of Vishnu, is often depicted wearing yellow.
The Religion of the Sun views all people as ultimately needing salvation. There are essentially two types. The first is salvation from being confined to the underworld/hell between reincarnating in one human life and the next, which can be achieved by living in line with spiritual principles and having good actions. The second is salvation from being confined to the underworld/hell for a very long span of time at the end of the circuit of human lives, when the wheel of life turns downward and nature’s process of devolution begins. This requires a level of spiritual development to attain. Each person is given the free will to shape themselves and their destiny. Essentially those who pursue things of darkness are drawn down into dark regions within creation, and those who transform themselves inwardly into light, and pursue the things of light, move into realms of greater light.
The Religion of the Sun recognizes that everything in creation is cyclical.72 This includes cycles of human existence and civilization on earth, which is periodically destroyed by huge catastrophes and then renewed.73747576 Memories of past catastrophes have been recorded in oral histories by cultures throughout the globe.77 Ancient texts studied in the Religion of the Sun include descriptions of these cyclical disasters, and state that such disasters inevitably return again. They describe the conditions of human society and moral conduct preceding these calamities, which is always decadent and immoral.7879808182838485 Ancient prophecies and social conditions today indicate that a global cataclysm will afflict the earth again soon.8687 Thus people have a finite amount of time to liberate themselves from the wheel of life.
Yes. In the Religion of the Sun it is held that the universe was created to be dualistic so that a spiritual learning and testing can take place in it. Being dualistic means life is governed by opposites: night and day, pleasure and pain, light and darkness, good and evil, etc. The forces of light and darkness exist in creation and within every individual, and people have the freedom to choose one or the other.
Because there is darkness, there is the possibility of evil and suffering. But this exists for a reason. Although the source of creation is non dualistic, it manifested duality so Beings can learn, gain knowledge, be put through the tests that occur on the path of the spiritual sun (the path to return to source/to enlightenment), transform themselves, and become self-aware of their own existence.88
It also forms an essential part of the path of the spiritual sun. Practitioners of the Religion of the Sun recognize that darkness plays an important part in the sun’s annual cycle, and thus also on the path to return to source.89
Along this path someone goes through many different situations in their life to test how they act, whether they have changed, and essentially, what their true nature is. These situations are created by awakened Beings who administer creation from higher dimensions. These difficult situations often involve a lot of inner suffering, and thus the experience of inner darkness – such as having to be unfairly judged by one’s peers, having to go through situations that provoke anger without reacting, etc.
These situations also bring out inner states (egos) within someone that they otherwise would have no idea they have. For example, unless provoked, someone may never realize how angry they can get. On the path of the spiritual sun, these situations serve to bring someone’s egos to the fore of their psyche so they can be seen, understood, and eventually eliminated. Thus, by going through difficulties, someone gains knowledge about themselves they otherwise would not have.90
Darkness is needed for beings to self-realize/awaken because it is the interplay of light and darkness that allows anything to be seen, and therefore known. For example, if a camera is overexposed the picture shows only light – if it’s underexposed only blackness is seen. Only when light and shadows are seen together can anything be seen at all – and only when something is seen can it be comprehended.91
In the same way, it’s by living in a universe with light and darkness, good and evil, joy and sorrow, that people can perceive and understand themselves, and become fully conscious and aware of their own true nature, which is of light.92
This also allows free will and virtue to exist. Without the existence of love’s opposite, which is hatred, choosing to live in accordance with love (which is spiritual) would have little meaning or merit because it would be impossible to do otherwise. There would be no choice at all, and without that choice, there would be no realization of what love is. Because of the opposition darkness provides, love must be chosen and fought for, and this gives rise to real virtue and wisdom, because it is chosen despite not having to, upheld in spite of opposition and suffering and through this understood, valued, and consciously recognized.93
Creation was made to enable Beings to truly understand and appreciate their source and nature, which is of love – which would be impossible if they existed in light only, or in a universe with no suffering.94
When the learning in duality is complete, a Being can return to the source self-realized and enlightened – where there is no duality or suffering – with full awareness and appreciation of its own existence and nature, attaining a level of happiness it otherwise could not.95
The nature and purpose of life
- Divine trinity: Central to the Religion of the Sun is faith in a divine trinity of the Spiritual Father, Mother and Son, which exist as forces of creation as well as higher parts of an individual’s consciousness.
- Spiritual reunification: The ultimate purpose of existence is to reunite with the personal trinity of one’s Being (higher consciousness) and return whole to the source of creation – this is what enlightenment, liberation, salvation, and self-realization mean in the deepest sense.
- The path of the spiritual sun: There is a defined way to return to the source that follows the structure and principles of creation, which is referred to as a path. The solstices and equinoxes represent the major stages of this path, which can be summarized as descent (autumn equinox), the birth of the Spiritual Son within (winter solstice), resurrection and reunion with the Spiritual Mother (spring equinox), ascension and reunion with the Spiritual Father (summer solstice).
- The Spiritual Son as savior: The Spiritual Son – the higher aspect of consciousness represented by the physical sun and various divine son savior figures in mythology – brings salvation. As the neutral mediator of the trinity, he is a savior who acts as a miraculous bridge between heaven and earth and reconciles a person with divinity. Only through the salvation of the Son can a person reach the Spiritual Mother and Father and return to creation’s source.
- Reincarnation: Existence is cyclical, and each person reincarnates in many different lives and circumstances, so that they can acquire the experience, knowledge and understanding necessary to eventually attain liberation. On each cycle, beings evolve through lives in the mineral, plant and animal kingdoms, and then have a finite number of human lives, before devolving back through the animal, plant, and mineral kingdoms in order to start the cycle again.
- Karma: Every action has a consequence and effect. Actions that are in accordance with divine principles generate consequences that are beneficial. Those actions that are against divine principles bring negative consequences. The consequences of our past actions are what determines our present circumstances – these include those from past lives.
- Heaven and hell: There exist higher and lower dimensions/planes of existence beyond the spectrum of visible light, that are created by energy vibrating at higher and lower frequencies. These have been given different names according to culture, but often describe the same thing and correlate with near-death experiences. The aim is to move into higher realms of existence where there is greater beauty and happiness, etc., and avoid lower ones where there is greater suffering.
- Learning and testing: The nature and structure of creation, including the existence of heaven and hell, karma, and reincarnation, etc. exists so that beings can learn and be tested.
Three core practices to reach salvation
- There are three core practices to reach salvation: elimination of the egos, spiritual alchemy and helping other spiritually. (Also see the next answer to the core practices question for a longer explanation).
- The sun’s annual path conveys the way to enlightenment: The three core practices each correspond to one of the three cardinal points of the solar year (autumn equinox, winter solstice and spring equinox) that come before the summer solstice, which represents ascension and the attainment of enlightenment.
- Inner change and repentance are the basis of the path: All three practices are aimed at personal change: helping others requires replacing inferior, self-centered ways with upright and selfless conduct; eliminating egos replaces inner darkness (egos) with inner light (consciousness); and alchemy prepares and changes a person internally to receive the greater spiritual light of the Being within, which brings salvation.
Upholding spiritual laws and principles
In the Religion of the Sun it is also held that, to reach enlightenment, people must live in harmony with, uphold and fulfill universal laws/spiritual principles in their life. Such laws and principles, and the responsibility to live in accordance with them, are conveyed by the concept of “maat” in ancient Egypt, “dharma” in Hinduism, “xartus” in Proto-Indo-European religion, “rta” in Vedism, “asha” in Zoroastrianism, “örlög” in ancient Norse and Germanic religion, and the concept of righteousness or rectitude in Christianity.
The ancient Sanskrit word “karma” refers to the law of cause and effect. This is held to exist to teach people the difference between right and wrong over the course of their lifetimes. Actions in line with spiritual laws bring good karmic repercussions, while actions that violate them (known as “adharma” – that which is not in accord with dharma) bring negative karmic repercussions, either in this life or after it.
These are a number of the principles that practitioners strive to uphold in the Religion of the Sun. The principles expressed below are found across many ancient teachings containing this knowledge:
- Respect for free will. Free will is related to the highest law, which is love, and is what all laws are derivatives of and the whole universe is based upon. Violating a person’s free will would be taking the choices that have been given to them from above as if they were one’s own (as a form of theft), and interfering with the learning of their consciousness.
- Just actions. This has been expressed by the golden rule “do to others as you would have them do to you,” found in many ancient teachings, and essentially involves acting in accordance with the divine laws of the cosmos e.g. fairly, honestly, objectively, respecting the privacy of others, etc.
- Monogamy and propriety. Together man and woman have the power to create life, as they contain the forces of creation when united. The power of creation is in essence something divine and, for spiritual development to occur, its use should follow spiritual principles, which include monogamy, love, and fidelity. This includes having decency, self-control and propriety in one’s conduct, character and presentation as well as being faithful and upholding chaste relations with one’s partner—which does not mean abstinence from sex, but using sex and its creative energies in accordance with principles. Lewdness, flirting with others, adultery, and indecent behavior, all go against the sanctity of sex and marriage. Ancient spiritual teachings state that upright and honorable conduct is essential for spiritual development (whether a person is in a relationship or not).
- Personal responsibility. Ultimately each person is responsible for their own actions, choices, and their psychological responses to the events of their life whether they be just or unjust. Each person is also responsible for their state of being within—for whatever egoistic states they have, and their level of consciousness/spiritual development. Understanding this responsibility means someone is then able to take steps to change their actions and inner level for the better.
- Self-sacrifice. This is the ability to give up one’s time, resources, or the things that one likes or values, etc., where necessary and appropriate, for something that is to the betterment of oneself or others. But it should be done responsibly with an intelligent understanding of the consequences of one’s actions, so as not to do something that is self-destructive, and so that one takes into account the repercussions upon others. The natural state of consciousness is care and love toward all beings, as each being also contains a spark of the same great light of divinity, because all beings ultimately come from the same source. This sense of love is developed and expressed by working for the benefit of humankind. It includes the principle of not profiting out of people’s search for spiritual awakening.
- Fortitude/Endurance. Light is in constant struggle with the forces of darkness in the testing ground of earthly life. Light is also essentially contained within darkness (as spirit within matter), and is extracted from it. Those who wish to increase the light they have within must therefore struggle against the opposition darkness poses, to endure hardships where necessary, and make personal sacrifices, in order to acquire light and everything it contains.
- Activity and productivity. Inner spiritual cultivation requires work and activity to produce results, just like physical work does. Anything in life that ceases activity stagnates and decays due to the constant forces of inertia acting upon it, but effort exceeding resistance forges inner strength and other qualities, and creates things of value/benefit for oneself and others. Not struggling against the forces of darkness means eventually succumbing to them; but someone who does struggle and overcome them can attain liberation from them.
- Courage. Courage is a virtue clearly found in practitioners of the Religion of the Sun throughout history. The wisdom bringers that first founded it had to have immense courage to travel the oceans to remote parts of the world, where they often encountered hostile people, in order to teach the Religion of the Sun. It takes courage to oppose the evil and darkness found both in oneself, and in the world, that comes in opposition against those who take the way of light, and it takes courage to follow principles—such as speaking the truth, defending against unjust attacks, etc. And thus, it takes courage to walk the path of the spiritual sun, as opposing evil and following principles are necessary to meet its requirements and pass its tests.
- Loyalty. To faithfully and honestly commit oneself to a cause and course of action when one has proved it to be true and just. Any relationship, whether marriage, friendship, or comradeship etc., is based upon it. It requires resolutely standing by those who stand together with and for us—not wavering when hard times fall or more seemingly pleasant things call. Loyalty is very much related to trust, as without true loyalty, one cannot be trusted. Its antithesis is fickleness and frivolity, and at its worst, betrayal and treachery. Those who are fickle and frivolous cannot be depended upon nor trusted, but those who are loyal can be counted as true friends and companions. It’s possible to be loyal to an unjust or false cause, however, and align oneself with something false or harmful in the process, so it’s important not to follow this principle in isolation, but along with other principles.
- Self-discipline. Self-discipline is an individual ensuring their own behavior adheres to just principles, without the need for any outside authority to enforce standards upon them. For example, through one’s own self-discipline, a person can stop themselves from losing their temper, from overeating, from being lethargic and inactive, etc. All self-discipline originates from maintaining a psychological self-discipline within, and this kind of discipline is needed for someone to be able to adhere to principles inwardly (in their thoughts and emotions), in their spiritual practice, and in their life—and thus be able to progress on the path of the spiritual sun.
- Education. It’s the duty of each person, as far as possible in their circumstances, to make sure that they are educated and informed enough to make their decisions and choices in line with principles. This requires being diligent in seeking out information and taking the initiative to search as far into the truth as possible—beyond whatever falsehoods, propaganda, and distortions exist. To be able to follow principles in the course of daily life, with all of its choices, requires being educated and informed—for example, about things pertaining to one’s health, to the development of one’s consciousness (spiritual part within), to the social issues that affect one’s life, the impact one has upon the welfare of the beings around them, to the ideas one chooses to share and promote, etc.
- Dignity/Integrity. This is to value and care about one’s condition, which is ultimately the state of one’s consciousness (the eternal spiritual part within). Ancient teachings state that a person’s every thought, feeling, and action, shapes their true form within. Behaving in degrading ways, whether openly or privately, can lower someone to levels sometimes worse than animals, when instead humans have the potential to reach a state of divinity. Such behavior can reflect a lack of true self-worth, as things of great merit and character may be traded for base and passing pleasures, and someone can increasingly lose control of themselves—and in this way become more easily controlled by others and by forces beyond their knowledge. Acting with dignity, however, is said in ancient teachings to bring equanimity and self-control, and the increasing ability to consciously direct one’s life path and destiny for the better.
- Self-defense. Everything in nature has some means of defending itself. Everyone has the right and responsibility, by legitimate means, to protect and preserve their own physical lives, property and reputation (and their relations) from unjust attacks. Self-defense that is not balanced, just, and proportionate to the infringement falls outside of the right to self-defense.
- Forgiveness. Forgiveness is allowing someone who has made a mistake the opportunity to change, just as this mercy operates upon us from above when we truly wish to change and repent of our mistakes. Forgiveness doesn’t mean giving up one’s right to self-defense or just amends; it means seeking justice and acting justly – without harboring resentment, hatred, or a wish for revenge – and means possessing love for those who hurt us, even when it’s necessary to take just and legitimate actions against them.
Against Animal and Human Sacrifice
There is evidence that numerous cultures in history practiced animal and/or human sacrifice as part of their religious beliefs. We wish to make it categorically clear that the Religion of the Sun is completely opposed to any form of animal or human sacrifice, and has been throughout its history. For example, records still exist today which reveal that many of the great teachers of the Religion of the Sun were adamantly opposed to it.
Orpheus, the spiritual teacher in Thracian religion (who was later adopted in Greece), was described as being totally against human and animal sacrifice (one legend has it that he was actually killed by crazed followers of Dionysus who practiced human sacrifice).
Quetzalcoatl, Kukulkan and Viracocha, the bringers of the Religion of the Sun to Central and South America, are recorded in the oral histories of the Aztec, Maya and Inca as trying to dissuade the peoples there from their practice of human sacrifice.
In his study of aboriginal American religions (1882, p. 140), Brinton comments: He [Quezalcoatl] forbade the sacrifice of human beings and animals, teaching that bread, flowers, and incense were all that the gods demanded. And he prohibited wars, fighting, robbery, and other forms of violence to such an extent that he was held in affectionate veneration, not only by his own people but by distant nations as well, who made pilgrimages to his capital. The fact that the Aztecs, who excelled in human sacrifice at their pyramids and temples, still recollected a benevolent, pacifist culture-bringer whose teachings closely paralleled the Biblical Commandments so impressed the Spanish friars that they identified Quetzalcoatl with the Apostle Thomas—an exact analogy to the confusion of Viracocha with St Bartholomew in Peru.96
Osiris, the legendary wisdom bringer who later became a central god to the ancient Egyptians, is recorded in an ancient Egyptian manuscript as actually saving a man who was about to be sacrificed and as trying to abolish its practice.97
Jesus, a later teacher of the Religion of the Sun, is recorded as taking an unequivocally strong stance against it, saying:
I came to destroy the sacrifices, and if ye cease not from sacrificing, the wrath of God will not cease from you.98
And to those who supposed that God is pleased with sacrifices, He [Jesus] said, ‘God wishes mercy, and not sacrifices’ —the knowledge of Himself, and not holocausts.99
Although human and animal sacrifice was sometimes practiced in connection with “sun worship,” it was not taught by the wisdom bringers who took the Religion of the Sun to different parts of the world (instead some are recorded as trying to get people to give up its practice and to adopt the Religion of the Sun instead). The practice of human or animal sacrifice is a sign of degeneration – as many cultures and traditions degenerated over time, often away from their purer spiritual root (if they derived from such a root in the first place).
As Quetzalcoatl taught, practitioners of the Religion of the Sun use only flowers and incense (and also candles, ornaments, and pictures, etc.) upon their altars. The ritual killing of either animals or people is viewed in ancient texts of the Religion of the Sun as a cowardly act (to shed the blood of innocent beings as an offering instead of doing good deeds ourselves and making amends honorably for our own misgivings), and as an insult to the sacredness of life itself.
The four equidistant solar events of the year – the solstices and equinoxes – form a cross in the wheel of the year (the basis for the sun cross symbol). Each event corresponds to a different stage in the process of enlightenment.
To reach enlightenment and ascension symbolized by the summer solstice (the time of greatest light in the year), a person firstly progresses through the stages of inner cultivation represented by the autumn equinox, winter solstice and spring equinox. These three solar events correspond to the principles of inner death, spiritual birth and personal sacrifice respectively, which form the basis of the three core practice of the Religion of the Sun.
1.) Inner death of the egos
The autumn equinox represents the principle of inner death (which has nothing to do with any kind of physical death). This practice is one in which someone eliminates the egos that exist within their subconscious, such as fear, anger, lust, greed, envy, etc. It has been represented allegorically in mythology as descending into the darkness of the underworld to confront beasts or monsters. This dark underworld is that of the subconscious, and the beasts represent the egos. As this practice is continued, the darkness of the psyche is transformed into greater consciousness, and the egos replaced with higher feelings and perceptions, such as love, inner peace, the perception of beauty, etc. This practice continues throughout the path, until by the end all inner darkness is removed and replaced with light.
This principle is put into practice on a day-to-day basis by observing the manifestations of ego states within oneself, so they can be uncovered, studied, understood and resisted, and gradually removed entirely by appealing to one’s own Spiritual Mother to destroy them. She has been shown performing this role in various traditions through her depiction as a warrior goddess destroying demons, evil and sin.100
2.) Spiritual birth
The winter solstice represents the principle of spiritual birth. This principle is put into practice through the exercise called spiritual alchemy, which purifies, and transforms someone energetically.101 This transformation is said to create a person anew from within, and has been allegorized through references to baptism and being “born again,” as well as alchemical depictions of turning lead into gold found across different traditions, which is symbolic of an inner transformation. This inner transformation is said to enable someone to receive and withstand the light of the Being within. Without preparing and creating the necessary inner spiritual components of the psyche through alchemy, one cannot withstand the Being’s great light and power.102
3.) Personal sacrifice
The spring equinox exemplifies the principle of self-sacrifice. Legendary savior figures often made great efforts and selflessly went on difficult missions and quests, going through many difficulties, trials and hardships in order to teach others life’s purpose and how to fulfil it and go through the stages of the path of the spiritual sun. Their quests and missions often culminated in their most difficult trials at this time of year.
In practice, the principle of self-sacrifice is carried out on a day-to-day basis through helping others spiritually and acting selflessly for the spiritual welfare of others, which requires some effort and sacrifice of time. Many ancient spiritual teachings convey that selfless spiritual service to others is a necessary virtue needed to reach enlightenment.
The word ‘religion’ comes from the Latin word ‘re-ligare’ which literally means ‘reconnect’; the Religion of the Sun is essentially about people reconnecting with the spiritual. This works at different levels according to a person’s interest and what they wish to gain from practicing. On a simple level, practicing can help someone cultivate a closer relationship with divinity. On a deeper level, the religion conveys how to reunite with one’s higher spiritual Being within, and celebrates and reveals this transformative process so people can experience it.
The ultimate goal in the Religion of the Sun is to walk the path of the spiritual sun in order to reach spiritual salvation or liberation, and return to the source, which has also been referred to as enlightenment, self-realization and immortality.
Along the path of the spiritual sun, leading to the return to source, there are different stages where different spiritual milestones are reached, and each of these could be considered a goal.
The most pressing and immediate long-term goal is freeing oneself from the wheel of life. This wheel has been illustrated in Hinduism and Buddhism. After a period of evolving through various forms of life and reaching a human state, a being has a finite number of human lives before the wheel turns downward and the process of devolution begins, which is when a being enters the lower dimensions of creation, often referred to as hell or the underworld. At a certain stage on the path someone liberates themselves from the wheel of life. Those who free themselves from this cycle can be born again in a future “golden age,” which is more spiritually conducive, and is when the Religion of the Sun is given anew and becomes widespread. Beings born in this time have a much greater chance of self-realizing.
A further goal on from this is incarnating one’s Spiritual Son within, and further on again is returning to source.
Practitioners also have more short-term goals, which may include understanding and overcoming a particular ego/inner state that is affecting them (such as anger or anxiety), creating spiritual parts within themselves fit for the incarnation of the higher aspects of consciousness, working to help others spiritually, or passing a test along the path.
Aside from personal spiritual objectives, practitioners may also seek to revive the cultural aspects of the Religion of the Sun, such as the symbols, jewellery, music, dress, etc. associated with a descendant culture/s that may be part of their own ancestral tradition, or which they most relate to or feel a connection with. Practitioners may also strive to raise awareness of humanity’s shared spiritual heritage left to us by the past civilization of the sun and its descendant cultures, through helping to uncover and explain the significance of sacred sites, texts, artefacts and oral histories, and supporting their preservation and protection.
Yes. It is possible for people today to experience the same spirituality that ancient people did – we exist in the same creation as them, and the same message of enlightenment is still conveyed to us every year by the path of the sun that illuminates our world, which the ancients aligned not just their sacred sites to, but their cultural way of life.
By participating in the revival of the Religion of the Sun, and aligning one’s life and spiritual practices with the solar year as our ancestors did, people can tap into the same spiritual forces and messages today, and experience and connect with a timeless spirituality that is written in the stars.
There are lots of ways to practice the Religion of the Sun today. Where possible and practical, people can arrange to meet with others at ancient sacred sites aligned to the solstices and equinoxes to celebrate these events like in the past.
However, meeting at ancient sites is not a requirement to practice the Religion of the Sun today – people just practice however they can and wish according to personal circumstances. The solstices and equinoxes can be celebrated in a simple way, such as by constructing a simple sacred circle, or just observing these occasions from home or in a park, perhaps doing a simple ceremony. That could be as simple as watching the sunrise and reflecting, praying and perhaps vocalizing a mantra and reading out a relevant spiritual extract from an ancient sacred text listed on this site.
The core practices of the Religion of the Sun are something a person incorporates into their everyday life, so they don’t require any special setup. There’s also additional spiritual exercises practiced in the Religion of the Sun – like meditation, mantras, and practices for out-of-body experiences – used to gain insight and mystical experiences. These can easily be done at home. A simple shrine can also be setup at home for personal prayer.
However, it can be very beneficial and inspiring to meet and practice with others. We provide a facility for people to form or attend a circle for this reason. Circles are local gatherings of people who arrange to meet and practice the Religion of the Sun together.
There’s also a cultural side to celebrating this religion. We have forums where people can share and discuss music and songs that come from cultures that practiced this in some form or which express its principles. People can also share where to find traditional clothing from related cultures or traditional jewellery that expresses spiritual symbols of the sun.
See here for a more detailed explanation of how to practice the Religion of the Sun.
- For example, Krishna states in the Bhagavad Gita, “This imperishable philosophy I taught to Viwaswana, the founder of the Sun dynasty…” Bhagavad Gita 4.1 (Translated by Sri Purohit Swami)
- See discussion in Graham Hancock, Fingerprints of the gods: the evidence of Earths lost civilization (Three Rivers Press, 1995), 367-374. For example, the chronology of the Turin Papyrus, written approximately 3,000 years ago, provides a chronology of pre-dynastic Egypt that stretches out over 36,620 years. Similarly, Hancock discusses astrological references in Greek sources that suggest a history of Egypt dating back 39,000 years before Herodotus.
- The most commonly known date for the destruction of Atlantis is 9,600 BC, given in Plato’s Critias dialogue, a date which correlates with the dramatic sea level rise of “meltwater pulse 1B” at the end of the last ice age. This dialogue recounts the information Plato claimed was given to a Greek during his visit to an Egyptian temple.
- Note: The last major ice age was known as the “Younger Dryas”. According to the US National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI): “The end of the Younger Dryas, about 11,500 years ago, was particularly abrupt.” NCEI. Accessed August 03, 2017. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/abrupt-climate-change/The%20Younger%20Dryas
- Note: The end of the Younger Dryas was marked by a surge in sea levels known as “meltwater pulse 1B”, driven by the higher temperatures of sudden climate change melting ice caps. According to NASA, this occurred, “11,500-11,000 years ago, when sea level may have jumped by 28 m according to Fairbanks, although subsequent studies indicate it may have been much less [around 6 or 7.5 m, which is still a major rise].” NASA. Accessed August 03, 2017. https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/gornitz_09/
- Paul A LaViolette, “The Generation of Mega Glacial Meltwater Floods and Their Geologic Impact”. Hydrol Current Res 8:269. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000269, March 2017. Accessed August 3 1017: https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/the-generation-of-mega-glacial-meltwater-floods-and-their-geologic-impact-2157-7587-1000269.php?aid=86686.
- Hancock describes this lost civilization as “a maritime civilization: a nation of navigators” and cites in support of this hypothesis “remarkable ancient maps of the world, the ‘Pyramid Boats’ of Egypt, the traces of advanced astronomical knowledge in the astonishing calendar system of the Maya, and the legends of seafaring gods like Quetzalcoatl and Viracocha. Hancock, Graham, Fingerprints of the Gods (Three Rivers Press, 1995), 443.
- The description of Horus and Thoth leading the mission of spreading civilization is found in the Edfu Temple texts, cited in Hancock, Graham, Magicians of the gods: the forgotten wisdom of earth’s lost civilization (London: Coronet, 2016), 185.
- Krishna refers to Manu in this way in Bhagavad Gita 4.1 (Translated by Sri Purohit Swami). The story of Manu and the seven sages or Saptarishi is recounted in, among other places, section 185 of the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata.
- “Ziusudra,” Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed August 17, 2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ziusudra.
- Russell E. Gmirkin, Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Hellenistic histories and the date of the Pentateuch (New York: T & T Clark Internat., 2006), 109.
- Paul A LaViolette, “The Generation of Mega Glacial Meltwater Floods and Their Geologic Impact”. Hydrol Current Res 8:269. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000269, March 2017. Accessed August 3 1017: https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/the-generation-of-mega-glacial-meltwater-floods-and-their-geologic-impact-2157-7587-1000269.php?aid=86686
- The warming trend in global climate at the end of the last major ice age was punctuated by an abrupt 1,300 year long cold period known as the Younger Dryas (sometimes called a mini ice age), which lasted from approximately 10,800 BC to 9,600 BC. Geologists have found convincing evidence of a comet impact occurring around 10,800 BC that would have melted vast portions of the ice caps and initiated catastrophic flooding in many places around the world. (For example, see James P. Kennett et al., “Bayesian chronological analyses consistent with synchronous age of 12,835–12,735 Cal B.P. for Younger Dryas boundary on four continents,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, no. 32 (2015).) The subsequent impact of the comet on the world’s climate also would have caused a dramatic return to colder temperatures, initiating the Younger Dryas period. 1,200 years later (around 9,500 BC) the warming trend of the world’s climate abruptly resumed (as the effects of the comet impact eventually dissipated or possibly caused by additional comet impacts), and another period of intensive flooding may have occurred as the ice caps melted and sea levels rose rapidly. See the detailed discussion of the evidence for a comet impact and its potential role in destroying a pre-existing advanced civilization in Part II of Graham Hancock’s, Magicians of the gods: the forgotten wisdom of earth’s lost civilization (London: Coronet, 2016).
- Hancock, Graham, Fingerprints of the Gods (Three Rivers Press, 1995), 108.
- Hancock, Graham, Magicians of the gods: the forgotten wisdom of earth’s lost civilization (London: Coronet, 2016), 171.
- Giulio Magli, “Sirius and the project of the megalithic enclosures at Gobekli Tepe,” Nexus Network Journal 18, no. 2 (2015): 337.
- Ibid. p. 14-17
- Ibid. p. 92-95
- Ibid. p. 106-108, 208-211
- Ibid. p. 360
- Ibid. p. 15, 90-91, 109
- Ibid. p. 23-30
- Schrijver, Karel, and Iris Schrijver. Living with the stars how the human body is connected to the life cycles of the Earth, the planets, and the stars. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. 1-4.
- Sarah Knapton. We really ARE made of stardust – building blocks of life found at birth of new stars. The Telegraph. June 8 2017. Accessed August 4 2017: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2017/06/08/really-made-stardust-building-blocks-life-found-birth-new/
- For example, Krishna states in Bhagavad Gita 15.12, “Remember that the Light which, proceeding from the sun, illumines the whole world, and the Light which is in the moon, and That which is in the fire also, all are born of Me. I enter this world and animate all My creatures with My vitality; and by My cool moonbeams I nourish the plants. Becoming the fire of life, I pass into their bodies and, uniting with the vital streams of Prana and Apana, I digest the various kinds of food. I am enthroned in the hearts of all.” Shri Purohit Swami (Trans.), The Bhagavad Gita. (1935).
- “Strange behavior of quantum particles may indicate the existence of other parallel universes.” Phys.org – News and Articles on Science and Technology. Accessed August 03, 2017. https://phys.org/news/2015-06-strange-behavior-quantum-particles-parallel.html.
- For example, in the Chandogya Upanishad 3.13.7 (Translated by Max Muller), it states, “Now that light which shines above this heaven, higher than all, higher than everything, in the highest world, beyond which there are no other worlds, that is the same light which is within man.”
- The Upanishads, translated by Eknath Easwaran, copyright 1987, 2007 The Blue Mountain Center of Meditation. (Nilgiri Press 2nd edition 2007). p. 226-227
- E. B. Cowell (Trans.), The Maitri or Maitrāyanīya Upanishad, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 1870.
- From a scientific perspective, matter is composed of atoms that are themselves comprised of positive (protons), negative (electrons) and neutral (neutrons) forces. “Atom.” Wikipedia. August 03, 2017. Accessed August 05, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atom.
- Lionel Giles (Trans.), L. Cranmer-Byng and Dr. S. A. Kapadia (Eds.), The Sayings of Lao-Tzŭ, E. P. Dutton and Company, Inc., New York, 1905, p. 22
- Gurzadyan, V.G., and R. Penrose. Concentric circles in WMAP data may provide evidence of violent pre-Big-Bang activity.” Accessed August 3, 2017. https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1011/1011.3706.pdf
- This saying is found in verse two of The Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus found here: http://www.sacred-texts.com/alc/emerald.htm
- Cho, Adrian. “Focus: A Tiny Solar System After All.” Physics. April 07, 2004. Accessed August 05, 2017. https://physics.aps.org/story/v13/st15.
- In the Religion of the Sun, each person is said to be a spark of spiritual consciousness that emanates from the source of creation and enters the world of duality in order to learn and become self-realized. Refer to the worldview section below for more details.
- Ibid. 17, 51
- Ibid. 24-26
- Ibid. 17, 24-26
- Ibid. 108-110, 211
- Ibid. p. 209
- See this presentation by researcher Jim Vieira for a detailed review of stone structures across New England and other parts of North America: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-4sI34aIZ0.
- Ancient mounts are found across the United States. The largest is Cahokia, which has a footprint larger than that of the Great Pyramid in Egypt.
- Ibid. p. 202-203
- There are many texts containing teachings of Jesus that were excluded from the orthodox bible, some of which have been recovered in the modern era. Many of these texts are commonly associated with the historical group known as the Gnostics, some of whom would have been practitioners of these secret teachings of Jesus which contained the knowledge of the Religion of the Sun. The Gospel of Thomas, The Book of Thomas the Contender, and the Gospel of Phillip are just a few examples of these Gnostic texts. There is also a growing collection of practices from Gnostic Christian texts available on this site. The Essene Gospel of Peace is another text with Jesus’ esoteric teachings, and was likely recorded by Essenes who converted to his teachings, who may have subsequently been known as Sampseans
- The gallery of types of sacred sites provides examples of these different structures.
- For example, at the site of Newgrange in Ireland, the winter solstice sunrise shines through a special roofbox and illuminates a cross-shaped inner chamber.
- For example, at one of the kivas at Chaco Canyon in New Mexico, USA, the summer solstice sunrise shines through a window and illuminates a niche on the wall.
- For example, at Angkor Wat in Cambodia, the spring equinox sunrise crowns the main tower.
- For example, Petra in Jordan and Cahokia in the United States are sites that contained functional cities that centered around structures with prominent solar alignments.
- Ibid. p. 23-27, 46-47, 88-91, 212
- Ibid. p. 51-83
- Ibid. p. 87-125
- Ibid. p. 129-170
- Ibid. p. 207-240
- Ibid. p. 116-124
- See the Guide to Celebrating the Solstices and Equinoxes for more information.
- Morien O. Morgan, The Mabin of the Mabinogion (Research into Lost Knowledge Organization, 1984).
- Ibid. p. 51, 56, 80
- Ibid. p. 209
- For example, in the Prose Edda, it states, “…evil men go to Hel, and from there into Niflhel [Dark Hel], which is below in the ninth world.” Snorri Sturluson, The prose edda: tales from Norse mythology, trans. Jesse L. Byock (London: Penguin Classics, 2005), 12.
- For example, in the Bhagavad Gita 16.21 (Translated by Shri Purohit Swama), it states, “The gates of hell [narakasyedam] are three: lust, wrath, and avarice. They destroy the Self. Avoid them.
- For example, those being punished in Tartarus are described as “Bound in bitter chains beneath the wide-wayed earth, / As far below the earth as over earth / Is heaven, for even so far down lies Tartarus.” Edith Hamilton, Mytholgoy (Back Bay Books, 1998), 82.
- Frederick Shih-Chung Chen, “In Search of the Origin of the Enumeration of Hell-kings in an Early Medieval Chinese Buddhist Scripture: Why did King Bimbisāra become Yama after his Disastrous Defeat in Battle in the Wen diyu jing 問地獄經 (‘Sūtra on Questions on Hells’)?” Buddhist Studies Review31, no. 1 (2014): 53.
- Leeming, David Adams. “Xibalba.” The Oxford companion to world mythology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
- Ibid. p. 134-135
- Ibid. p. 51
- Ibid. p. 211
- Ibid. p. 213
- This is the meaning behind Jesus’ saying, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father, except through me” (John 14:6 WEB) which signifies how the Spiritual Son/Christ, as the divine mediator and reconciler, must first save person before they can be reunited with the Spiritual Father
- Ibid. p. 16-17
- Ibid. p. 360
- Ibid. p. 133-135
- For example, Hinduism describes a cycle of four ages called Yugas, which begins with a golden spiritual age (Satya Yuga), and moves through ages decreasingly less spiritual before culminating in a dark age (Kali Yuga — the present era) when vice is rampant, that ends in destruction, making way for the cycle to repeat. This sequence of Yugas repeats in cycle of destruction and renewal. See for example this description from the Mahabharata: “And what is seen in the universe, whether animate or inanimate, of created things, will at the end of the world, and after the expiration of the Yuga, be again confounded. And, at the commencement of other Yugas, all things will be renovated, and, like the various fruits of the earth, succeed each other in the due order of their seasons. Thus continueth perpetually to revolve in the world, without beginning and without end, this wheel which causeth the destruction of all things.” Kisari Mohan Ganguli (translator) The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa [published between 1883 and 1896]. Hinduism describes these Yugas taking place within even larger vast cycles of time, during which episodes of creation and destruction repeat on a universal scale. See Cornelia Dimmitt and J. A. B. Van Buitenen, Classical Hindu mythology: a reader in the Sanskrit Purāṇas (Calcutta: Rupa & Co, 1983), 19-24.
- Mayan mythology describe a series of great cycles operating in the universe, which they call “Suns”. Their texts describe five “Suns” in total, of which we are living in the fifth. At the end of each Sun, humanity is wiped out by a cataclysm. These references are in the Vaticano-Latin Codex, cited in Graham Hancock, Fingerprints of the gods: the evidence of Earths lost civilization (Three Rivers Press, 1995), 103.
- Ancient Greek myth divides the world into a series of ages; each culminates in the end of one civilization of humanity and the start of a new one. For example, the Greek poet Hesiod describes a series of successive ages, starting from the Golden Age until our present Iron Age, with the successive races of humanity becoming increasingly degenerated and sinful. At the end of each age the previous humanity dies completely and in some cases is destroyed violently by the gods. These myths are found in Hesiod and Hugh G. Evelyn-White (Trans.), “Hesiod: Works And Days,” Internet Sacred Texts Archive, lines 109-201, accessed September 09, 2017, http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hesiod/works.htm.
- Hermetic texts convey a vision of the world being governed by the “turning-round of Nature’s rhythmic wheel” and the “revolution of the Cyclic Gods.” They also mention that “memorials mighty” of wise men will leave “dim trace behind when cycles are renewed,” which translator G.R.S. Mead believes is “a clear reference to the general belief of the time […] that there were alternate periods of destruction, by fire and water, and of renewal.” G.R.S. Mead (Trans.), “The Sacred Sermon of Hermes, CORPUS HERMETICUM III. (IV.),” Internet Sacred Texts Archive, accessed September 09, 2017, http://www.sacred-texts.com/gno/th2/th207.htm.
- For example, stories of a great flood are remembered in many cultures of the world, and may be linked to the catastrophic flooding marking the beginning and end of the the last ice age, the Younger Dryas. Graham Hancock notes over two thousand flood myths across different cultures that share many similarities. Graham Hancock, Magicians of the gods: the forgotten wisdom of earth’s lost civilization (London: Coronet, 2016), 425.
- Hancock describes how ancient flood myths are “eerily consistent” that the catastrophe was a result of “our own behavior,” specifically, “our arrogance and our cruelty towards one another, our noise and strife and the wickedness of our hearts” and how we “ceased to nurture spirit” and “ceased to love and tend the earth.” Ibid, 425.
- Plato describes the condition of the Atlantean civilization prior to it’s destruction. Its members became filled with “lawless ambition and power” and the portion of divinity within them became “faint and weak,” causing Zeus to desire to “inflict punishment” upon them as a chastisement. Plato and W. R. M. Lamb (Trans.), “Critias,” Plato, Critias, accessed September 08, 2017, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0059.tlg032.perseus-eng1:121a.
- Several Hindu scriptures describe a future catastrophe that is prophesied to end the current age of Kali Yuga. For example, this event is described in the Vishnu Purana, where it depicts a society degenerated into materialism and vice prior to the catastrophe. It states that”piety will decrease day by day” leaving the world “wholly depraved.” “[W]ealth will be the only source of devotion” and “passion will be the sole bond of union between the sexes,” with women being seen as “objects merely of sensual gratification.” It also describes the destruction of the natural environment, as “[e]arth will be venerated but for its mineral treasures.” Vishnu Purana (Translated by Horace Hayman Wilson), 4.24.
- The Ojibwa people of North America describe a past catastrophe caused by the comet “Long-Tailed Heavenly Climbing Star,” which occurred thousands of years ago, when “things were wrong” and “a lot of people had abandoned the spiritual path.” They state that it is “going to destroy the world some day when it comes low again.” Thor Conway, “Halley’s Comet Legends Among the Great Lakes Ojibwa Indians,” Archeoastronomy: The Journal of the Center for Archaeostronomy 8, no. 1-4 (December 1985): 99.
- In The Poetic Edda, a collection of Norse poetry and myth, a völva (seer) describes to the god Wotan the state of humanity before Ragnarok, which is presented as a great cataclysmic event. She states that it will be an “axe age, a sword age,” where it is “harsh in the world,” where “whoredom [is] rife,” and “brothers will fight and kill each other.” Dronke, Ursula (Trans.) (1997). The Poetic Edda: Volume II: Mythological Poems. Oxford University Press. 19.
- Hesiod describes conditions in the Iron Age (which represented his own time period) as a time when “might shall be […] right.” It is described an age of conflict where a “father will not agree with his children, nor the children with their father, nor guest with his host, nor comrade with comrade; nor will brother be dear to brother.” Virtue will be neglected as there will be no favor for “the just or for the good”; instead “the evil-doer and his violent dealing” will receive praise. As a result, Zeus is prophesied to destroy this race. Hesiod and Hugh G. Evelyn-White (Trans.), “Hesiod: Works And Days,” Internet Sacred Texts Archive, lines 109-201, accessed September 09, 2017, http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hesiod/works.htm.
- The Corpus Hermeticum, works ascribed to the sage Hermes Trismegistus, contains a prophecy of times of future destruction, when spirituality will become taboo and society will collapse. During these times, “Darkness will be set before the Light,” “the pious man will be considered mad” and “the impious a sage.” Men will be driven to “wars,” “robberies,” and “deceits,” and the earth itself will lose its fertility. G.R.S. Mead (Translator), “Thrice-Greatest Hermes, Vol. 2: II. The Perfect Sermon; or the Asclepius: Part IX,” Internet Sacred Texts Archive, accessed September 09, 2017, http://www.sacred-texts.com/gno/th2/th245.htm.
- Christian scripture contains a prophecy of future catastrophe in the Book of Revelation, where it foretells a time of false prophets (13:14), sexual immorality (17:2, 18:3), persecution of religion (17:6), and widespread materialism (18:7, 18:14). This decadent age is destroyed by God, followed by the creation of a “new heaven,” a “new earth,” (21:1) and a “New Jerusalem” (21:2).
- Researchers have interpreted carvings on one of the pillars of Göbekli Tepe (a megalithic site dated to over 11,000 years ago) to be a representation of the sun near the constellation of Sagittarius and the rift at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. This conjunction only occurs every 26,000 years and happens during the 80 year window between 1960 and 2040, the era we currently inhabit. Graham Hancock believes that this astrological reference may be a foreshadowing of our time and a warning of a future catastrophic impact with a celestial object hidden in the Taurid meteor stream, an event similar to that which caused immense flooding at the end of the last ice age. Hancock also cites the work of astronomers Clube and Napier, who believe that earth’s orbit periodically crosses and experiences impacts with objects in the Taurid meteor stream, causing cataclysmic consequences. Graham Hancock, Magicians of the gods: the forgotten wisdom of earth’s lost civilization (London: Coronet, 2016), 326, 435.
- Researchers believe that the Mayan calendar indicates an end of a great cycle will take place during the conjunction of the winter solstice sun and the centre of the Milky Way galaxy (which the Maya saw as the place of creation and “womb of the sky”). This conjunction happens only every 26,000 years and coincides with the 80-year window between 1960 and 2040, the same window apparently suggested by the pillar of Göbekli Tepe. This event indicates an end of an age in Maya thought, a time of transformation and rebirth, to be followed by a new great cycle. Ibid, 327.
- Ibid. p. 55-56, 63-64
- Ibid. p. 139
- Ibid. p. 64-65, 138
- Ibid. p. 56
- Ibid. p. 80
- Ibid. p. 136-138
- Ibid. p. 139
- Ibid. p. 217-220
- Thor Heyerdahl, The Bearded Gods Speak (Pall Mall Press, 1971).
- The Kolbrin, published by The Hope Trust 1994, chapter 12 pg 118
- Jesus quoted in Panarion 30.16,4-5 by Epiphanius (called the Gospel of the Ebionites)
- Peter in the Clementine Homilies, translated by Thomas Smith
- Durga and Kali in Hinduism are an example of Goddesses whose warrior nature is understood to have a inner psychological meaning pertaining to the destruction of evil within, as explained here: Dr. Satya Prakash Choudhary, The Glory of the Goddess – Devi Mahatmyam, 4-5.
- Ibid. p. 58-61
- Ibid. p. 100-105