Sites Aligned to the Sun

The Solar Alignments of the Megalithic Dolmens of Russia

All over the world, megalithic structures known as dolmens can be found. In Russia specifically, so far there are around 3000 dolmens that have been found in groups or scattered alone throughout the dense forest, in the Western Caucasus area.

Dating back to approximately 3000 – 2000 BC, these stone buildings have been little understood. The dolmens all have slightly unique characteristics but overall they are built in a similar fashion: carved out of stone or with stacked and interlocking large stones. Each dolmen has a small circular hole found in them, with a plug that fits in the hole. They share many similarities with dolmens found all across the world, with some of the carvings (zig zag patterns) found within them matching some found on sacred sites in Ireland.

Although there has not been much research done on the alignments of the Russian dolmens, there has been some discoveries that found that some of the dolmens are aligned to the solstices and equinoxes.

Here are three examples of dolmens known to align to the solstices and equinoxes:

Mamed Canyon Dolmen

Mamed Pyramid

Dolmen pyramid in Mamed canyon“. Licensed under Copyrighted free use via Wikimedia Commons. Image has been modified.

This Dolmen is one of the most unique, taking the shape of a pyramid. Not only that, but the pyramid shape itself has the exact same angles as the great pyramid of Giza, in Egypt. On the morning of the autumn or spring equinox, the sun can be seen rising over the top of the pyramid.

The Cairn and Underground Dolmen of Psinako Valley

This dolmen is also very unique, in that it was an underground dolmen with a large tunnel and mound on top, similar in build to Ireland’s Newgrange. It no longer exists due to many developments on the land but some research was done into the site by Russian researcher M.K.Teshev. More recently a 3D virtual image was made to depict what the cairn may have looked like at the time. It is said that the tunnel of this site aligns with the winter solstice sunset. It is possible this site has many more alignments but nothing more is known at this time. You can find the 3D recreation of this site here.

The Wolf Rock Dolmens Group of the Lazarevskoye Region

wolf dolmen

Chuhukt66” by Vladimir KosolapovOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

A series of dolmens in this area have been called the Wolf Rock dolmens, since one of the dolmens is believed to have the shape of a wolf/dog. There are roughly 20 dolmens in this area, two of which are surrounded by stone rings. One of the dolmens surrounded with a ring has what researchers call a ‘false portal’ which is basically the circular “door” that is normally found on the dolmens, except in this case it is completely sealed. The true entrance is located on the back of the dolmen. On the winter solstice the sun rise aligns with the real entrance and the sunset aligns with the false entrance.

Further Research Into Dolmens

There has also been some interesting research done into the placement of the dolmens in the western Caucasus area, by a group who took an existing map of the dolmens and have discovered it aligns with several constellations. You can view this map and information here.

Today, many are falling into disrepair or being destroyed over time. Very little is known about the people who built and used the dolmens.

It is possible that many more of these dolmens align to the solstices and equinoxes, which suggests they could have been used for ceremonies celebrating these times of the year.

There are also a few artifacts and carvings in the rock that further suggest the people who used the dolmens knew the significance of the spiritual sun.

sun cross

Sun Cross

For example, an interesting symbol found on a dolmen, is the sun cross which is a symbol found all over the world in various forms, representing the solar calender. It is known as Odin’s cross in Norse mythology, and can be found associated with Aztec sun worship and is also often interchanged with the Swastika, a symbol associated with the sun as well as the movement of the earth.

Many of the plugs that have been found that fit into the dolmen circular entrances have been described as phallic shaped, which could suggest the dolmens themselves are built as a symbolic representation of the womb, and sexual alchemy, as well as rebirth, which is a common theme for the winter solstice.

Dolmens Around the World

Looking at the dolmens from around the world, we can start to get a better sense of these structures. How was it possible that in so many different places these structures were built? The similarities are startling. Who built these? Since some (and possibly many more than we know of) are aligned to the solstices and equinoxes,and given the markings they’ve left behind on the dolmens, it’s possible that the people who built and used these structures were aware of and practiced the principles of the spirituality of the sun.


BelgiumWéris Dol1b JPG” by Jean-Pol GRANDMONTOwn work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.


DenmarkHagbølle” by PraeceptorOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.


FranceCrucuno dolmen” by Photo: Myrabella / Wikimedia Commons. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.


ItalyMores02” by zagordemoresFlickr. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.



South Korea

South KoreaGochang Dolmen Sites – 3” by KussyOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.



Portugal "Dólmen de Matança". Licensed under " href="">CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Dólmen de Matança“. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.


SpainDolmen en Valencia” by uploaded by User:Robespierre (as Dolmen.jpg,later overwritten by mistake by other users with images transfered to images Dolmen Sao Cristovao.jpg and Dolmen de la Zarcita.jpg). Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.


TunisiaP6212563 dougga” by ProfburpOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Wales, UK

Wales, UK



Article by Vida Narovski. Research by Vida Narovski and Vadim Lapine.

About the author

Vida Narovski

Vida Narovski a writer and researcher for and is a practitioner of the Religion of the Sun. Vida is of Baltic descent, and she is fascinated by the remnants of the Religion of the Sun that are found in her Lithuanian roots, many of which are still prevalent in Lithuanian culture today. She explores ancient sacred sites and pores over ancient texts, with the hope of bringing back the relevance of the Religion of the Sun to those interested in spirituality today.


  • Hi Vida

    Thanks for posting this article. I didn’t know too much about dolmens until I had read your article. Interestingly, after doing some of my own research, I found many of them popping up all over Sicily (Italy) and Malta as well, where my family roots have been traced back to. I wish I had known about them sooner when I had the opportunity to visit those places in person last year! Unfortunately the locations of the various dolmens, their connection to an ancient, universal spirituality and their incredible solar alignments is not common knowledge in any of those regions.

  • Reading the article I find myself being inspired about the Dolmens. In the photos of the ones from around Europe, many of them seem like such simple structures, but even those seem like they are connected to the people’s spirituality. I wonder if such simple things can be brought into the modern world and if they could have a real impact. Like for example, having a window or a candle shining through a hole at a particular angle. Or having a rug aligned in a particular way (like the Muslims do I believe). It’s definitely interesting to look into.

  • It’s quite interesting. I’d seen those type of stone built structures before in Holland. Locally called ‘hunebedden.’ When I learned a bit about all the ancient sacred sites that have alignments to the sun and deep symbolic and geometrical attributes I thought maybe some of those ‘hunebedden’ or dolmen were remnants of ancient sites as well. But I kind of thought they were too ‘simple’, so instead of being made by an advanced spiritual society I thought it would be more likely that they would be made by more simple people. However reading this article made me think again, because they seem to be everywhere!? I didn’t know that.

    So maybe they did serve a function, a purpose beyond simple explanations (gravesites i.e.) Especially when you look at those holes, what are they for? Maybe it’s something we don’t even understand.
    Like, I imagine if in 5000 years someone would find a microchip or motherboard they might try to figure out what do the patterns on them mean ;). But they would be quite unlikely to fully understand what it was used for, or be able to get the digital bit code from it, or to have the code to decipher the data and it would be another step to understand it the information on it. Perhaps the use of these stone structures or the full functionality of the pyramids is something not known about.

    Earth’s got so many mysteries 🙂 it’s quite cool actually.

  • Very interesting, I have never heard of these, thank you Vida for researching this!. The one with “false door” aligned to the sunset and the real door to the sunrise sounds amazing… Also what intrigues me are the “plugs” to the holes. How big are those holes and how they could possibly be “plugged” by people?

    • I know what you mean Lucia! 🙂 The plugs are interesting. I can’t say an exact size mainly because it seems many of the dolmens are all various sizes. Some are extremely large and others quite small. Hopefully more research on the other dolmens around the world can shine some light onto these interesting structures!

      • The plugs kind of remind me the legends of the “shem” that needed to be put into a “Golem” (an inanimate figure of clay) by a magician/priest in order for him to come alive. 😉 (
        Then I also speculated further, as you mentioned in the article their supposed representation of the phallic power, that maybe if these plugs were inserted into those holes, together with uttering some “magic formulae”, these structures would maybe reveal some hidden purpose.

  • Some of these dolmen look incredible. So sad to hear they are slowly getting destroyed by machinery after having withstood thousands of years! The construction of some of these Russian dolmens reminds me very much of ancient South American structures as well. And the stellar alignments of the caucus dolmens are just astonishing — I’m totally blown away.

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